# Arts and Crafts of the Cook Islands

# Figure 246.—Ceremonial adzes, class 3, with pedestals, vary in height; b is 17 inches high, g38 inches high. a, round shaft (1) completely carved with continuous lozenge pattern; round pedestal (2) with upper edge carved in rectangular projections with horizontal double K-motif (3); perforated with square holes surrounded by horizontal and vertical panels of horizontal double K-motif (4); rest of pedestal carved with horizontal rows of fused K's repeated (5): leg knobs with horizontal double K …

Figure 246.—Ceremonial adzes, class 3, with pedestals, vary in height; *b* is 17 inches high, *g*38 inches high. **a**, round shaft (1) completely carved with continuous lozenge pattern; round pedestal (2) with upper edge carved in rectangular projections with horizontal double K-motif (3); perforated with square holes surrounded by horizontal and vertical panels of horizontal double K-motif (4); rest of pedestal carved with horizontal rows of fused K's repeated (5): leg knobs with horizontal double K (6) (Auckland Mus., N.Z., 14486). **b**, round shaft with continuous lozenge pattern (1); round pedestal (2) with upper notched band carved with horizontal double K (3); upper wider (4) and lower (5) bands carved with continuous lozenge pattern like shaft; rest of pedestal divided into vertical panels alternately carved with horizontal double K (6) in horizontal rows and with small excised triangles (7) arranged in rows of three in three vertical subdivisions in each panel; leg knobs carved with horizontal double K (8) and some with excised triangles (9) (St. Augustine's College, Canter-bury
). **c**, round shaft with continuous lozenge pattern (1); round pedestal (2) with upper notched border with single pairs of horizontal K's (3), followed by two horizontal rows, horizontal K's fused into geometrical pattern (4); also bottom band (5) with two rows similar to upper band (4); between bands (4, 5) pedestal is cut with wide vertical grooves forming narrow vertical panels carved with single pairs of horizontal K's (6); leg knobs with single pairs of horizontal K's (7) but stem of lower K usually left out (Otago University Mus., N.Z., D.36, 761). **d**, round shaft with continuous lozenge pattern (1); round pedestal (2) carved to form narrow vertical and oblique panels; upper border (3) carved with two horizontal rows of horizontal K's fused into geometrical pattern (4), similar double row on lower border (5) and single row on narrow oblique (6) and horizontal (7) panels; vertical panels (8) carved with repeating horizontal fused K (9); leg knobs with middle fused K (10) (Otago University Mus., D.36, 797). **e**, round shaft with continuous lozenge pattern (1) but lower part with vertical rows of triangles (2) in fives with bases down; pedestal (3) quadrangular with eight square perforations on each surface; upper edge of pedestal notched with rectangular knobs carved in horizontal double K (4); except for areas around holes, body carved with horizontal rows of upright fused K (5) with limbs of opposing K's not meeting; rectangular space around each hole carved with vertical rows of triangles with apices cut off by adjoining bases, part above hole with bases upward (6) and part below with bases below (7); leg knobs with horizontal double K (8) with stem of lower K not plain (Auckland Mus., 1299). **f**, octagonal shaft (1) with each vertical surface divided into three parts by horizontal lines, each division carved alternately with continuous lozenge pattern or vertical rows of excised small triangles, also upper part of neck carved with triangles: rectangular pedestal (2) with five rows of three rectangular perforations; upper border of pedestal carved with single horizontal row of fused K (3) bounded below by single row of excised triangles on side (4); wide upper band of continuous lozenge pattern (5) and also lower band (6); four intermediate horizontal bands between sets of holes carved with three rows of fused K-motif (3); small rectangular panels between holes on same row carved with close rows of triangles (7); leg knobs with horizontal double K (8) (Otago University Mus., D.29, 1356). **g**, octagonal shaft with continuous lozenge pattern (1) continued down to first band (3) on square, pedestal (2) and lower band (4); pedestal with five horizontal slits forming four narrow panels with single row of vertical fused K's (5); lower part with six vertical slits running into lowest horizontal slit and forming five short vertical panels with free upper end and carved with single row of horizontal fused K's (6); leg knobs with middle fused K carved horizontally (7) Peabody Mus., Salem, E.22, 453). **h**, Giglioli's peace adz or *toki mahia:* octagonal shaft (1) with each surface carved in vertical lines of small incised triangles: rectangular pedestal (2) with upper projecting band (3) with upper border (4) notched into rectangular projections on sides and carved with two triangles (5), body with horizontal rows of triangles as shown and lower border (6) notched similarly to upper border (4, 5); lower projections band (7) treated similarly to upper band (3) but some of lower projections not notched on sides; intermediate part (8) divided into three sections, upper one carved in vertical rows of small triangles and lowest section (9) carved with horizontal rows of larger triangles; narrow plain part (10) below lower band (Rome Mus., Preist., 1492).