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Ethnology of Tongareva

Figure 51. Hull lashings of plank canoes. a, Tongareva, outside view; b, Tongareva, inside view; c, Samoa, outside view; d, Samoa, inside view: 1, lower hull piece, or keel; 2, upper piece; 3, 4 (a), wide groove formed by upper and lower pieces, and (c, d), flanges of upper and lower pieces on inner side of end section; 5, 5, paired holes; 6, batten placed in groove; 7, lashing; 8, braid carried obliquely from lower hole to upper hole of next pair to repeat lashing of four turns on outside; 9, …

Figure 51. Hull lashings of plank canoes. a, Tongareva, outside view; b, Tongareva, inside view; c, Samoa, outside view; d, Samoa, inside view: 1, lower hull piece, or keel; 2, upper piece; 3, 4 (a), wide groove formed by upper and lower pieces, and (c, d), flanges of upper and lower pieces on inner side of end section; 5, 5, paired holes; 6, batten placed in groove; 7, lashing; 8, braid carried obliquely from lower hole to upper hole of next pair to repeat lashing of four turns on outside; 9, free braid going up to next pair of holes. Samoan lashings do not show on outside, and lashing of each pair of holes is fixed and braid cut so that they show as interrupted lashings.

Figure 51. Hull lashings of plank canoes. a, Tongareva, outside view; b, Tongareva, inside view; c, Samoa, outside view; d, Samoa, inside view: 1, lower hull piece, or keel; 2, upper piece; 3, 4 (a), wide groove formed by upper and lower pieces, and (c, d), flanges of upper and lower pieces on inner side of end section; 5, 5, paired holes; 6, batten placed in groove; 7, lashing; 8, braid carried obliquely from lower hole to upper hole of next pair to repeat lashing of four turns on outside; 9, free braid going up to next pair of holes. Samoan lashings do not show on outside, and lashing of each pair of holes is fixed and braid cut so that they show as interrupted lashings.