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Ethnology of Tongareva

Figure 56. Bonito hooks: a, b, shank; c, d, e, points. a, front; b, side of shank: 1, thick hinge part ground on both sides in curve to proximal point; 2, point; 3, median line at meeting of sides ground inward at slant, forming triangular head, maximum thickness about 14 mm.; 4, surface of hinge; 5, transverse hole drilled through horizontally below median ridge at about 18 mm. from point; 6, shank beyond head, gradually diminishes in width to about 12 mm. and in thickness to 4 or 5 mm. at tai…

Figure 56. Bonito hooks: a, b, shank; c, d, e, points. a, front; b, side of shank: 1, thick hinge part ground on both sides in curve to proximal point; 2, point; 3, median line at meeting of sides ground inward at slant, forming triangular head, maximum thickness about 14 mm.; 4, surface of hinge; 5, transverse hole drilled through horizontally below median ridge at about 18 mm. from point; 6, shank beyond head, gradually diminishes in width to about 12 mm. and in thickness to 4 or 5 mm. at tail end, where it is cut off square or with slight convexity from side to side; 7, two shallow grooves cut vertically on both sides at tail end. Longitudinal natural curve of back and corresponding front concavity apparent. c, d, e, points, side view: 1, base in c, 22 mm. wide and 6 mm. high in clear proximal part, in d, 19 mm. wide but only 5 mm. high in clear proximal part, causing proximal hole (5) to break through upper edge, and in e, 23 mm. wide; 2, point, slightly everted (c, d) and straight (e); 3, bend cut out between base and point; 4, distal hole bored through base; 5, proximal hole or hole broken through to upper edge (d, e) because of high placement, and leaving groove (e) effective in lashing; 6, distance between point and shank (c) 21 mm., and corresponding clearance (d, e) between point and shank 17 mm.

Figure 56. Bonito hooks: a, b, shank; c, d, e, points. a, front; b, side of shank: 1, thick hinge part ground on both sides in curve to proximal point; 2, point; 3, median line at meeting of sides ground inward at slant, forming triangular head, maximum thickness about 14 mm.; 4, surface of hinge; 5, transverse hole drilled through horizontally below median ridge at about 18 mm. from point; 6, shank beyond head, gradually diminishes in width to about 12 mm. and in thickness to 4 or 5 mm. at tail end, where it is cut off square or with slight convexity from side to side; 7, two shallow grooves cut vertically on both sides at tail end. Longitudinal natural curve of back and corresponding front concavity apparent. c, d, e, points, side view: 1, base in c, 22 mm. wide and 6 mm. high in clear proximal part, in d, 19 mm. wide but only 5 mm. high in clear proximal part, causing proximal hole (5) to break through upper edge, and in e, 23 mm. wide; 2, point, slightly everted (c, d) and straight (e); 3, bend cut out between base and point; 4, distal hole bored through base; 5, proximal hole or hole broken through to upper edge (d, e) because of high placement, and leaving groove (e) effective in lashing; 6, distance between point and shank (c) 21 mm., and corresponding clearance (d, e) between point and shank 17 mm.