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Ethnology of Tongareva

Figure 57. Snood loop and lashing of proximal hole of bonito hook. a, snood, matai (1), is passed around base of point (2) with its end (3) overlapping by about 15 mm. b, two-ply twisted thread commences distally to lash overlap together by burying end of thread under subsequent transverse turns which cross it; transverse turns are continued for length of overlap; end (4) is turned back under three loose turns which are subsequently tightened; slack is removed by drawing on end; end is cut off …

Figure 57. Snood loop and lashing of proximal hole of bonito hook. a, snood, matai (1), is passed around base of point (2) with its end (3) overlapping by about 15 mm. b, two-ply twisted thread commences distally to lash overlap together by burying end of thread under subsequent transverse turns which cross it; transverse turns are continued for length of overlap; end (4) is turned back under three loose turns which are subsequently tightened; slack is removed by drawing on end; end is cut off short. c, overlapping ends of some loops are spliced (3) for distance of about 10 mm., a method probably recent. d, side view: point (2) is placed in position on tail end of shank (3) with back edge projecting a little beyond end of shank; grooves (6, 7) are cut on sides of shank opposite holes (4, 5) in point; loop (1) of snood is placed around base of point and loop end bent down under projection formed by protruding back of point base. e-h, back of the shank tail. e, with point and snood loop in position, lashing thread (1) is laid on back of shank (4) between pair of proximal grooves (7, 7); end is bent down at angle and held in position by left thumb while left forefinger keeps point in position on other side of shank; thread is passed transversely to left by right hand to lateral groove (7) up over snood loop and through proximal hole of point base. f, thread descends on the right side over other limb of snood loop and right groove (7) of shank to reappear on back, where second turn (2) in passing transversely across to opposite groove crosses obliquely bent end of first turn (1). g, oblique end (1), crossed by the second turn (2), is bent over second turn, h, third turn (3), after passing through point hole in making transverse turn around shank, crosses and doubly fixes end (1); five or six lashing turns are made through the one hole. i-l, side view, i, six lashing turns (9) pass through hole (5) of point (2), over snood (1), and around shank (3). j, thread (8) is brought up on right side and passed from proximal side under lashing (9) in space between shank (3) and lower part of snood (1). k, the thread (8) is brought back over lashing (9) and looped through under its standing part to form overhand knot (10). l, two other loops with overhand knots are made and thread (8) is continued on through hole (5) to other side, where it makes similar set of loops and knots over lashing; thread end is cut and proximal lashing of base is completed.

Figure 57. Snood loop and lashing of proximal hole of bonito hook. a, snood, matai (1), is passed around base of point (2) with its end (3) overlapping by about 15 mm. b, two-ply twisted thread commences distally to lash overlap together by burying end of thread under subsequent transverse turns which cross it; transverse turns are continued for length of overlap; end (4) is turned back under three loose turns which are subsequently tightened; slack is removed by drawing on end; end is cut off short. c, overlapping ends of some loops are spliced (3) for distance of about 10 mm., a method probably recent. d, side view: point (2) is placed in position on tail end of shank (3) with back edge projecting a little beyond end of shank; grooves (6, 7) are cut on sides of shank opposite holes (4, 5) in point; loop (1) of snood is placed around base of point and loop end bent down under projection formed by protruding back of point base. e-h, back of the shank tail. e, with point and snood loop in position, lashing thread (1) is laid on back of shank (4) between pair of proximal grooves (7, 7); end is bent down at angle and held in position by left thumb while left forefinger keeps point in position on other side of shank; thread is passed transversely to left by right hand to lateral groove (7) up over snood loop and through proximal hole of point base. f, thread descends on the right side over other limb of snood loop and right groove (7) of shank to reappear on back, where second turn (2) in passing transversely across to opposite groove crosses obliquely bent end of first turn (1). g, oblique end (1), crossed by the second turn (2), is bent over second turn, h, third turn (3), after passing through point hole in making transverse turn around shank, crosses and doubly fixes end (1); five or six lashing turns are made through the one hole. i-l, side view, i, six lashing turns (9) pass through hole (5) of point (2), over snood (1), and around shank (3). j, thread (8) is brought up on right side and passed from proximal side under lashing (9) in space between shank (3) and lower part of snood (1). k, the thread (8) is brought back over lashing (9) and looped through under its standing part to form overhand knot (10). l, two other loops with overhand knots are made and thread (8) is continued on through hole (5) to other side, where it makes similar set of loops and knots over lashing; thread end is cut and proximal lashing of base is completed.