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Bush Fighting. Illustrated by remarkable actions and incidents of the Maori war in New Zealand.


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Chapter I.
Bush fighting, where practised—Qualifications for it—Equipment of a bush fighter—Head-dress, and how one [unclear: uld] be shod—Service in Africa, and in the American forest—Mounted riflemen—Americans appreciate them—Hants Mounted. Eifies—First experience in bush fighting in the Andamans—Mounted Rifles at the Cape—The bush in New Brunswick—A sketch of the islands of New Zealand and the Maoris
Page 1
Chapter II.
The Tataraimaka block of land in Taranaki—Abandoned, and to be reoccupied—Appropriation of the Waitara block the cause of the previous war—Is now given up, yet the natives assume the offensive by a deed of blood—A party of officers and soldiers surprised by an ambuscade and slain—Preparations for attacking the hostile natives—Their positions in strong ground—General Cameron forms a corps of cavalry—Lieut. Wallis's adventure—The troops march out of New Plymouth to engage the enemy at Katikara—The transport service—Dispositions for the attack of the enemy's position—The details of the fight— page xLoss of the enemy, and their gallantry—Their defeat—The troops thanked—The General returns to Auckland to engage in another campaign in Waikato
Page 20
Chapter III.
Apprehensions of an attack on Auckland—Preparations for carrying the war into the enemy's country—Disaffected natives near the settlements—Murder of settlers—Boats built for the Waikato—Colonel Wyatt's march to Tuakau—Conversation with a Maori chief—The natives entrench themselves in defiance of the troops—Lieut.-Colonel Austen (14th Regt.) turns out his command and engages the enemy on the heights of Koheroa—General Cameron gallantly leads on to the rifle-pits—Difficult ground—The enemy defeated—Their loss—Their arms—Captain Ring's convoy attacked in the bush near Drury—Repulsed—Captain Ring attacks the enemy at Kiri-kiri—Reinforced by Colonel Wyatt—Account of him—Valuable services of the Navy—The "Avon" steamer on the Waikato
Chapter IV.
March on Paperoa and Paparata—The New Zealand Bush—Cleared along the Great South Road—A party of woodcutters surprised, and lose their rifles—Ensign Dawson's skirmish—The enemy takes up a strong position and fortifies it at Merimeri—The chief Wuremu Tamehana—The enemy's position reconnoitred—The Maoris attack and plunder the Cameron post—Captain Swift's party—Engages the enemy—Captain Swift killed and Lieut. Butler wounded—Gallant and skilful conduct of Colour-Serjeant McKenna—Non-commissioned officers and soldiers who distinguished themselves—Forest Rangers engaged—Major Lyons' and Captain Inman's parties engage natives plundering the settlers
58page xi
Chapter V.
The scene changes to Taranaki—Ambuscades planted by the troops Skirmishes with the enemy—General Galloway—The Maoris advance to attack Poutoko—Major Butler and Captain Shortt engage the enemy—The wounded nobly assisted—Activity of the officers of the Rangers—A repulse in the province of Auckland of Lieut. Lusk's party—Expedition to the Thames, and its object—General Cameron reconnoitres the enemy's position at Meri-meri—The works there are abandoned and occupied by the troops
Page 80
Chapter VI.
The Waikato river—Rangariri—"Angry Heavens"—Maori entrenchment there—General Cameron reconnoitres the enemy's position, and directs troops to land in rear of it—Arrangements for the attack on the works—Description of them—Difficulty in landing part of the force—The assault ordered—The enemy's lines carried—The 40th Regiment drive the Maoris out of their rifle-pits—Determined resistance of the Maoris in their strong redoubt—Heavy losses sustained there by the troops—Assaults by the infantry, artillery, and the seamen—Operations suspended during the night—The Maoris hoist the white flag and surrender next morning—Account of some of the officers killed and wounded—The war continued
Chapter VII.
Ngaruawahia, the residence of the Maori King, occupied by the troops—Ascent of the Rivers Waikato and Waipa—Taupiri—The Queen's flag hoisted—Its effect—The granddaughter of a Chief left as a hostage—Difficulties of the commissariat—Soldiers should be willing road-makers—Colonel Warre arranges page xiito surprise a pah in Taranaki—The party unsuccessful—"We cannot always command success"—Thanks to the Forces—Sir Duncan Cameron a K.C.B.—Captain Greaves, Deputy Assistant Quartermaster-General, with the expedition of Colonel Carey to the Thames—Posts established there—Troops march up the Waipa—Wise precautions—Arrival of fresh troops
Page 112
Chapter VIII.
Movement on Rangiawhia—A bathing party attacked by the Maoris—A sharp skirmish ensues—Officers engaged—Captain Heaphy earns the Victoria Cross—March to turn the flank of the enemy—Maori sentries—Desperate resistance of the natives—Colonel Nixon killed—The action at Rangiawhia—The Maori position—Brilliant dash of the 50th Regiment—Defeat of the Maoris—The troops are thanked—Devoted services of the Bishop of New Zealand—The military telegraph—The important results of the late movements
Chapter IX.
A settler, Mr. Paterson, murdered in the Taranaki—Major Butler sent to reconnoitre the strong position at Kaitake—And skirmishes with the enemy—Artillery despatched to the Taranaki—Outposts destroyed—Considerations on the destruction of crops—Attack on Ahu Ahu—Colonel Warre's preparations to assault Kaitake—The place is carried—Services of the officers and men acknowledged by Colonel Warre
Chapter X.
Orakau—Remarkable in the history of the Maori war—Brigadier- General Carey joins the troops on the Waikato—Major McNeil, page xiiiA.D.C., gains the Victoria Cross—The Maoris strongly entrench themselves at Orakau—Plan for attacking the pah—The enemy opens fire—Death of Captain Ring—Gallantry of Captain Baker, Deputy Assistant-Adjutant-General—A sap determined on—A breach attempted—A native reinforcement is shelled—Desperate resistance of the Maori garrison—Summoned to surrender—Refuses to do so or to send out the women—Sudden abandonment of the pah—The column of Maoris pursued and scattered—Casualties—Remarks by Sir Duncan Cameron
Page 159
Chapter XI.
The Maoris retreat to Mangatautari—Their works there are abandoned—Surrender of a party of natives—Captain Lloyd's party surprised and scattered—Precautions in bush fighting—The Gate pah—Preparations for attacking it—Composition of the force—Colonel Greer's night march—68th Regiment posted to intercept the enemy—Feigned attack—Disposal of the troops round the pah—The assaulting column is repulsed—Heavy losses—Particulars of naval officers and men—Maori letters and messages
Chapter XII.
Proceedings on the west coast—Major Butler's flying column—Deserted pahs burnt—Feuds between tribes on the cast coast—The post at Maketu—Narrow escape of Major Colville—The enemy invests the redoubt—Are fired on in their retreat by ships of war—An Amazon—The troops are hutted for the winter—The Pai mariri superstition—The priest Te Ua—Conflict at Motua Island—Extended operations proposed—Remarkable attack on Sentry Hill—Gallantly repulsed by Captain Shortt—Maoris prepare for an attack at Tauranga—Entrench page xivthemselves at Te Rangi—Action and success there under Colonel Greer—Distinguished services of individuals engaged—Tribute paid to the troops
Page 205
Chapter XIII.
Some native warriors surrender—The forests about Auckland cleared of the enemy—Discussions about the disposal of the land—The Governor addresses the Maoris at Tauranga—An unexpected event occurs—The prisoners sent from the hulk in Auckland harbour to Kawau island—They break their parole and escape—They take post on a mountain—Unsettled state of the south-west coast—Commissariat arrangements—Successful operations in Taranaki—Te Arei pah—Mr. Parris—Great meeting of chiefs—A road to be opened along the south-west coast
Chapter XIV.
Movement to Wanganui—Advance of the troops to the west—Nukumaru—Pickets attacked—Death of Lieutenant Johnston—Bold attack of the enemy—Charged by cavalry—Officers conspicuous in the action—General Cameron requires reinforcements—Home authorities wish to reduce the force—Supplies abundant—Advance on the Patea river—A smart action with the enemy—His flank turned—Manutahi—Extensive Maori cultivations utilised by the troops
Chapter XV.
Sir Duncan Cameron asks to be relieved from his command—His distinguished services—The Commissariat—Loss of lives in surf boats—Murder of Mr. Hewitt—Chiefs surrender to Brigadier- General Carey—Mr. George Graham's services—Unarmed page xvsoldiers surprised in Taranaki—Colonel Colville's expedition—Fight at Okea—Dreadful fate of the Rev. Mr. Volkner—The Rev. Mr. Grace—The strong pah of Wereroa to be attacked—It is described—Colonial troops and native allies, assisted by the Regulars, to attempt the attack of the pah—Sir George Grey directs—14th and 18th Regiments co-operate—Garrison, harassed by riflemen, evacuate the pah—Services of the forces recognised—Notice of Sir George Grey's career
Page 257
Chapter XVI.
Skirmishing in Taranaki—Captain Close is killed—Dangerous adventure of three officers of the 14th Regiment—Colonel Colville's ambuscade—He is wounded—Reception of the Native Contingent at Wanganui—General Chute prepares to conduct a campaign against the Hauhaus—The force organised—Okotuku taken—Difficulties of the assault on Putahi pah—Smart action at Otapawa—Colonel Hassard killed—Successes against the Hauhaus—Preparations for a bush march round Mount Egmont to New Plymouth—Difficulties of the undertaking—Labour and privations encountered—Horseflesh used—The force received with distinction—End of the service of the regular troops—Proclamation of peace.