CONTENTS OF VOL. IV
CONTENTS OF VOL. IV
Notice of the discovery of the Sandwich Islands—Correctness of Captain Cook's narrative—Remarks on the impressions produced by its perusal—Actual state of the people—General account of Hawaii, Maui, Tahau-rawe, Morokini, Ranai, Morokai, Oahu, Tauai, Niihau, and Taura—Climate, population, and natural history of the Sandwich Islands—Importance of their local situation—Arrival of Missionaries from America—Commencement of Missionary labours among them—Circumstances of the people.
Present from the British government to the king of the Sandwich Islands—Voyage to Hawaii—Appearance of the island—Intercourse with the people—Kearakekua bay—Visit to Kuakini the governor—Voyage to Oahu —Welcome from the American Missionaries—Detention in Oahu—Journeys and endeavours to instruct the people—Invitation to reside among them—Labours of Auna and native teachers—Destruction of idols—Observance of the sabbath by the king and chiefs—Attention to religion—Karaimoku—Religious services in the families of the principal chiefs—Effects of our visit—Departure for the Society Islands—Return to Oahu—Arrival of Missionaries—Objects of the projected tour of Hawaii—Remarks on the orthography of native words.
Voyage of part of the Missionaries to Kairua—Welcome from the governor of Hawaii—A breakfast scene—Description of an extensive cavern—Curious natural phenomenon, occasioned by the sea—Situation and appearance of Kairua—Excursion to the plantations—Christian zeal of a chief—Ruins of a heiau—Notice of Captain Cook—Account of Mouna Huararai—Volcanic phenomena.
Departure from Oahu—Occurrence off Ranai—Appearance of Lahaina—Keopuolani, queen of the Islands—Native dance—Missionary labours—Buhenehene, a popular native game—Traditions respecting some of the principal idols of Maui and the adjacent islands—Voyage to Hawaii—Visit to an aged English resident—Description of a heiau—Native dance at Kairua.
Proposed route—An ancient fortress—Aid from the governor—Another native dance—Height of Mouna Huararai—Manner of preparing bark for native cloth—Cultivation of the cloth plant—Method of manufacturing and painting various kinds of cloth—Conversation with the governor—Departure from Kairua—Description of our guide—Several heiaus—Population of the western coast—Tracts of rugged lava—Scene of the battle which took place in consequence of the abolition of idolatry, in 1819—Description of the battle—Tomb of a celebrated priest—Account of Captain Cook's death, and the honours rendered to his remains—Encouraging Missionary labours.
Visit to the spot where Capt. Cook was killed—Hawaiian notions of a future state—Account of the battle at Mokuohai—Death of Kauikeouli—Former prevalence of war in the Sandwich Islands—Warriors—Warlike games—Methods of consulting the gods before determining on war—Human sacrifices—Councils of war—Levying armies—Encampments—Fortifications—Naval fights—Disposition of forces—Weapons—War dresses—Methods of attack—War-gods carried to battle—Single combats—Sacrificing the slain—Treatment of the vanquished—Manner of concluding peace.
Burying-place of the ancient Hawaiian kings—Account of the puhonua, or city of refuge, at Honaunau—Population of this part of the coast—Advantages of Honaunau for a Missionary station—Lodging at Keokea—Ancient cataract of lava, and irregular vaulted avenue—Journey along the shore—mourning ceremonies and customs at the death of the chiefs.
Singular pillars of lava—Scarcity of fresh water—Division of Kona—Appearance of the south-west part of the island—Keavaiti—Missionary labours at Patini—Beautiful spouting of water through the lava—Appearance of the southern extremity of Hawaii—Inland route to Kaura—Description of the mountain taro—A congregation of natives at Paapohatu—Valley of Waiohinu—Account of the Pahe, a native game—Conversation, respecting the abolition of idolatry, with the people at Kapauku—Superstitions connected with Kaverohea—Reception at Honuapo.
Makoa objects to visiting the volcano—Account of the defeat and assassination of Keoua—Superstitions connected with the pebbly beach at Ninole—Hospitality of the natives—Methods of dressing the taro—Distant indications of the volcano at Kirauea—Visit to the burning chasm at Ponahohoa—Journey from Kapapala—Lodging in a cavern—Reflection from the volcano by night.
Departure for the volcano—Volcanic sand—Superstitions of the natives respecting the ohelo—Description of the great volcano—Pools of water—Banks of sulphur—Appearance of the volcano at midnight—Traditions and superstitions of the natives connected with it—Names of the gods by whom they suppose it inhabited—The little Kirauea—Ancient heiau on the summit of a precipice—Mouna Roa—Probable structure of the island.
Journey to Kearakomo—Description of the dracæna, or ti plant—Account of the application of a priestess of Pélé to the chiefs at Maui, to revenge the insult offered to the goddess—Visit of Kapiolani to the crater—Reported eruption of lava in Kapapala—Sabbath in Kearakomo—Affectionate reception of Mauae—Fragment of a song on his birth—Conversation with the people—Marks of an earthquake—Description of Kaimu—Manner of launching and landing canoes at Kehena—Preaching— Visit to Kinao—Popular superstitions respecting the origin of diseases.
Conversation with the natives—Appearance of the country in the vicinity of Pualaa—Extinguished volcano in the valley of Kapoho—Description of the horua, a native game—Traditionary story of a contest between Pélé and Kahavari—Incidents on the journey to Hiro—Description of Ora—Public worship at Waiakea—Conversation with a priestess of Pélé, the goddess of the volcanoes—Opinion of the natives respecting the permanent residence of Missionaries at Waiakea—Description of native houses.
Former customs on Wairuku river—Affecting instance of infanticide—Extent of infanticide; motives to its practice; humane efforts of the chiefs for preventing it—Account of the native methods of curing diseases—Tradition of the origin of medicine—Waiakea bay—Conversation with natives of the Marquesian islands—Farewell visit to Maaro—Voyage to Laupahoehoe—Description of a double canoe—Native hospitality.
Geographical divisions of Hawaii—Temple of Pélé Division of Hiro—Missionary labours—Journey across the hills to Towaihae—Description of Waipio Valley—Funeral ceremonies among the natives—Another place of refuge—Notions of a future state—Voyage to Waimamu—Swimming in the surf a popular amusement—Ingenious method of staining calabashes—Value of the Kukui tree—Interest manifested at this place in the instructions of the missionaries—Fall of immense masses of rocks—Halaua—Drinking ava—Character of Tamehameha—Account of the tabu.
Traditions connected with the northern part of Kohala—Methods of procuring sandal-wood—Manufacture of salt at Towaihae—Visit to Waimea—Ascent of Mouna-Kea—Arrival of Messrs. Bishop and Goodrich at Kairua—Erection of a place of worship—Observance of the sabbath—Maritime character of the people—Government of the islands—Hereditary rank—Tenure of lands—Revenue and laws—Embarkation for Oahu.
Traditions respecting the origin of the islanders—Marriage among the natives—Account of foreigners who visited the Sandwich islands before they were discovered by Captain Cook—Preaching at Kairua—Traditions of a deluge—Visit to Maui—Memoir of the late king and queen of the islands—Notice of Boki, their principal attendant—Return to Oahu.
PLATES VOL. IV.
|Chart of the Sandwich Isles||page 1|
|Vignette Title—Swimming in the Surf|
|Frontispiece.—Volcano of Kirauea||237|