The Early Journals of Henry Williams
VIII — January to December 1834
January to December 1834
Te Waharoa's patu delivered — Voyage to Kaitaia — Attack on Busby — Missionaries leave for Waikato — Trouble with Wesleyans — Fighting at Kororareka.
Wednesday, 1 January 1834. Through the gracious providence of our Heavenly Father, we are again brought to the commencement of a New Year. On looking on the past we may ask where is it and what has been done, surely we spend our years as a tale which is told, so soon does it pass away and it is gone. What distress what perplexity has visited the abode of man. Yet we have been spared. No one individual has been called away during the year and for the most part all have been preserved in health.
The Expedition to the Southd. respecting which we had so many fears and anxious moments has happily failed and the parties returned; for this we may bless the Lord. We have been enabled to extend our acquaintances to the Southd. amongst the different Tribes, and have commenced a Mission to the Northd. and one in the Thames.
A Gale with heavy rain, unable to move to the natives; cleared up in the eveng. Our boys in a sad plight, everything exceedingly wet.
Thursday, 2. Detained for a long time in consultation with the Captain and Titore as to the best steps to take. Concluded to remove the Ship to Mahurangi in the Thames, where Mr. G. D. Brown is. Pulled out at noon, wind a head. Light favourable wind at the Cavalles. In the eveng. rain; boys unusually lazy; but little wind and little progress. Passed the Sentinel at 9; very thick, foggy weather; could not see land and no compass in the boat. About midnight arrived at Kororareka; landed Titore who provided several baskets of potatoes for the boys.
Friday, 3. With difficulty we reached home by 2 o'clock, weary page 357 wet and hungry, not having taken anything since breakfast yesterday. News from England by the Columbine.1 Eight Missionaries in the Colony for us. Two Wesleyan Missy. families in the Settlement on their way to Tonga. Natives in the course of the day to trade.
Saturday, 4. In considerable bustle all day, Natives trading.
Sunday, 5. Fine. Felt unwell. In the midst of service, an alarm of a mob of natives landing, commonly called “a fight”. The service disturbed; the party pass on up the river.
Monday, 6. At 6 on the way to the Kerikeri to attend Quarterly Meeting.
Tuesday, 7. At business all day. Closed the accounts by evening; unusually heavy.
Wednesday, 8. Business all day, much important business. Ret'd home by Eleven.
Thursday, 9. The Captain of the Buffalo landed at 6; his Ship in Paroa Bay; called to obtain information. Mr. Fairburn returned from the Thames in his boat this afternoon; letters from the Southd.; news good. Potatoes brought for sale.
Friday, 10. Fine; much time occupied with the natives buying a few potatoes; no one in the settlement to attend to public duties but myself.
Saturday, 11. Attending the boys at fencing. In the afternoon three of the Wesleyan Missionaries arrived from Hokianga. The baptised natives in the eveng. before prayer meeting.
Sunday, 12. After service went to Otuihu. Many natives there, but listless and inanimate; no one would move from his place. I went to Hihi who was full of the new doctrine, he was in a sad state. Spent the evening with the family.
Monday, 13. Recommenced school; boys well disposed. In the afternoon at the Girls' school; they behaved better than I had expected.
Tuesday, 14. Left early for Taiamai. Met Messrs. Clarke and Hamlin with the children for school. The weather very hot. Te Morenga and others came to Titirangi, spent a pleasant eveng. in close conversation till we could talk no longer. Badly provided with Camp furniture.
Wednesday, 15. Fine clear morning. A number of the natives came around us. About 10 Mr. Clarke arr'd; proceeded to examine page 358 the boundary of the land and wood. Afterwards rode to Waimate. All busy reaping, a pleasant sight. Weather extremely hot.
Thursday, 16. On my return home soon after daylight, a lovely morning. Detained two hours at Wauwauroa. In the afternoon attended the native girls' school; behaved well on the whole.
Friday, 17. Went to Wangai to attend the Hahunga, where the bones of our friend Tohitapu were laid in great state, besides 20 heads of his relatives. About 30 baskets of potatoes were turned over for us. Pumuka made an especial application for a stream of water on our land to be located to him; did not comply with his desires, as it was for the supply of the shipping, and would subject us to encroachments. Learnt that some natives from Waitangi had been in the settlement with bottles of rum to sell to our boys.
Saturday, 18. Extremely hot. Cap. Clendon occupied our attention in settling his account for the past three quarters. Four women in the Settlement with bottles of rum for sale. Sent out some special constables to apprehend them, but they were gone at the first whisper of what was about to take place. I trust this may be our last visit from these disturbers of the peace, for they know well that they may expect no quarter if they are found here. It is grievous to see their growing propensity for spirits, and the pains our countrymen take to shew them their delight in this intoxicating draught.
Sunday, 19. Chapel very full. In the afternoon went up the river to two new places at Waikino belonging to Pumaruku; found the natives in an orderly enquiring state; held service with them and returned by dusk.
Monday, 20. Extremely hot. Boys emp'd getting up their own potatoes.
Tuesday, 21. In the eveng. Cap. Deans arr'd from Tonga with Mr. Woon and family, having quitted the Mission.
Wednesday, 22. Fine. Mr. Woon,2 his wife and two children, came on shore, and took up their quarters at my house, making the fourth family beneath my roof. Temorenga and party came for the payment of the piece of land at Titirangi. At noon the Fortitude hove in sight from the Southd. At 2 my brother and Mr. Yate landed in good health. Went up to Cap. Clendon's to engage lodging for Mr. Woon as we were over run. Could not obtain any relief.page 359
Thursday, 23. Sent a messenger to Mr. White to request that he would endeavour to do something for Mr. Woon and family. The boys engaged in getting up their own potatoes.
Friday, 24. Hot in extreme. Boys digging sawpit, and getting up potatoes in the garden. The Christian natives came to me in the eveng., spent nearly two hours with them.
Saturday, 25. Boys engaged as yesterday.
Sunday, 26. Administered the sacrament to 6 natives. In the afternoon went to Otuihu. A small party. Two young men were present who were in possession of much knowledge, but their hearts were in no wise engaged in the things of which they spake; however they gave their assent to all I said.
Monday, 27. Mr. and Mrs. Busby removed to their residence at Waitangi, and I had the pleasure of again possessing my Study, which had been occupied by them for these many months past.
Tuesday, 28. Mr. Whitely arr'd from Hokianga to see Mr. Woon. Went with the Sawyers up to Waikino; felled one Kauri and one Tanakaha; returned home in the eveng., the Sawyers remaining. The country for many miles on fire, the mischief of our boys. Nothing determined respecting Mr. Woon.
Wednesday, 29. Mr. Woon undetermined whether to remain in my house or to go to lodgings at Cap. Wright; felt particularly displeased at such perfect indifference except to his own accommodation. Tareha came to call, presented him with the hatchet of Waharoa3 the chief of Matamata. He received it with much ceremony. Before however he would touch it, it was karakiatied as it was a very sacred thing amongst the Ngapuhi, as having come from an enemy of considerable rank, and one with whom they had been recently engaged. Capn. Clendon called at a very late hour to settle accounts.
Friday, 31. Went up to Waikino to see the sawyers. Mr. Woon and family departed to Capt. Wrights.
Saturday, 1 February. Exceedingly hot. Went over to Cap. Deans with the Letters, &c. His men would not get his ship under weigh.
Sunday, 2. Went up the Kawakawa; the service concluded, page 360 passed on to Pukututu,4 not disposed to much attention. The few who are desirous of receiving instruction meet with a good deal of opposition from many of the old people, yet they continue their daily service and school and frequently assemble seventy, with the widow of Tekoke at their head. I am in great hope that something good is going on here.
Monday, 3. Hot weather. Mr. White arrived in the eveng. to fetch Mr. Woon; he passed over to Cap. Wright's.
Tuesday, 4. Cap. Deans sailed for England. Mr. White and party passed on their way to Hokianga.
Wednesday, 5. Rode to Taiamai; saw More and several others.
Thursday, 6. Ret'd home, much refreshed by the run inland.
Friday, 7. Hera the wife of Hemi died; her sufferings have been considerable, but I trust she has gone to her Redeemer. Her life for a long time has been very consistent. She has left two children behind.—Heavy rain most of the former part of the day. In the afternoon took Mrs. Williams to see Mrs. Busby. The Harlequin Schooner arr'd from Sydney. Messrs. Edmonds5 and Pilley6 on board. Mr. Mair's boat seized alongside by the natives of Kororarika owing to some disagreement. Our newcomers appeared quite frightened at such rough conduct. They all came on shore late, glad to escape the noise and confinement of the vessel. Very few letters!!
Saturday, 8. Fine. Interrupted all the morng. in attending to our new arrivals; they left at noon for Te Puna. In the eveng. buried Hera. Her sorrowful husband had prepared the grave and again filled it up. This work to us would have been a difficult task, but there is nothing english in native tenderness.
Sunday, 9. Fine. Did not feel well; remained at home; but few Europeans.
Monday, 10. Fine. Emp'd writing and attending to domestic duties.
Tuesday, 11. At sunrise on the way to Waimate to attend Special meeting, with the rest of the brethren of the settlement. Took page 361 breakfast at Wauwauroa; commenced business immediately after dinner.
Wednesday, 12. Cloudy. Many important questions brought before us. Concluded business by noon and returned home by 4 o'clock; all well.
Thursday, 13. A Gale from the Eastd. with heavy rain, the first for many weeks; the earth dried up; but little fodder for the Cattle.
Friday, 14. Severe gale with rain through the night; towards morng. wind and rain ceased; fine day. Appearance much changed by the rain. Mr. Davis arr'd from Waimate.
Sunday, 16. Fine. Went up the Kawakawa. Service commenced before I arrived. As I heard that Pukututu and his people were at their place, I passed on to them. He was civil, but no attention. I warned him of his danger. Called on Kaiwaiwa on my return down the river; he expressed himself well, as desirous of knowledge. Called also at Otuihu; but few in attendance. Most of them engaged with the Sailors from the Shipping. A vessel arrived from Van Dieman's Land; eight settlers. Held the evening service.
Monday, 17. Cloudy. The boys emp'd at fencing; those up the river ret'd, their saws out of order. A party from Taiamai to fetch Taui who is fast approaching his end. This is a youth of high birth, and one particularly attached to us, and an earnest enquirer after spiritual things. We feel his removal much, but the Lord's ways are unsearchable, they are past finding out. News arrived this eveng, of the death of Mr. Puckey's child, grandchild to Mr. Davis; this will be a severe stroke to all in immediate connection.
Tuesday, 18. Poor Taui was taken inland this morng. In the eveng. received the Christian natives.
Wednesday, 19. Mr. White passed the settlement to Cap. Clendon's in a canoe; heard from his natives that he was on his way to Waikato. Messrs. Wilson and Pilley arrived from Te Puna.
Thursday, 20. The boys fencing. Mr. White passed out of the bay to Waikato.
Friday, 21. The girls very troublesome throughout the settlement.
Saturday, 22. Boys at fencing. The girls better behaved. In the evening gentle rain; much wanted.
Sunday, 23. Gentle rain through the night, which was very refreshing; fine morning. After service went to Otuihu. On my way fell in with two men from the river in an enquiring state; had a good deal of conversation with them. Several canoes out fishing; the natives generally careless. One old woman appeared much pleased to tell me that the people of the Ships said this was not page 362 Sunday, it was only so to us. Assembled a small party with whom I had some serious conversation, tho generally this is a sad lifeless place.
Monday, 24. The two men I spoke with yesterday waiting for my going to school to make further enquiries. I told them to study the book they possessed and look to the Lord for light and direction. Letters for Tonga by Columbine.
Tuesday, 25. Went up the river to see the Sawyers, who were going on much better. Keno and Wera in the eveng. to converse upon spiritual things.
Wednesday, 26. Rode to Taiamai; between 50 and 60 in attendance in the eveng.; spent a very pleasant time with them talking nearly all night.
Thursday, 27. Every person present at school old and young. I was much pleased and encouraged.
Friday, 28. Keno and Wera came in the eveng. to inquire after spiritual things. They are regular in their attendance and serious in their deportment.
Saturday, 1 March. The fencing going on slowly.
Sunday, 2. Administered the sacrament to the Europeans. In the afternoon went up to Otuihu; it is a sad place. Pomare came, he was very civil. Kauwiti came with a party to learn the truth of the report respecting the disturbance with Ngapui, whether to fight or not. Several Europeans quite intoxicated.
Monday, 3. Cloudy. Kauwiti and party came for me to go over to Kororarika to enquire into the state of affairs; no one of importance over there. The boys emp'd fencing.
Tuesday, 4. Wind from the Northd.; appearance of a Gale. Pulled up the river with the children, who had been anxiously looking forward for a holyday to go to Paroa to fish: they enjoyed themselves for some hours, and returned home just in time to escape a good wetting. Mr. Yate in the settlement from the Waimate.
Saturday, 8. Went over to Te Puna to see the families, and to spend the Sabbath with them; all well. Took up my abode at Mr. Wilson's. Two ships laying at anchor. No food for the boys.
Sunday, 9. Held service about 10 o'clock. Warepoaka was present but very inattentive. Baptised a child of Ropati. Administered the sacrament to the Europeans. In the afternoon H.M.S. Alligator came to an anchor near the Settlement. Mr. Wilson and I walked out to Wairoa, met a few natives, more than usually attentive. On our return met some of the Officers of the Man of War who had page 363 come on shore to look round. The Captain7 was amongst them, with whom Mr. Wilson had sailed some years since. All remained until it was dark, and departed with much politeness.
Monday, 10. Mr. Marshall8 the assistant Surgeon landed, who appears to be a very serious young man. Had the pleasure of his conversation for about two hours. He mentioned that Earl's narrative9 had been the general topic of conversation for many weeks, and that they would scrutinize us with much severity; however as they had shewn a friendly disposition, I felt it needful to call on board as I passed to Paihia. The book lay upon the table. I was asked if I had seen it. I replied that we felt ourselves highly complimented in it, for it established the truth that we were no buyers nor sellers, that each was intent upon the object appointed him; this testimony we felt of much value. I asked in turn if they had observed his remarks upon the treatment he had rec'd from a Man of War which had anchored at Kororarika. They had not. I told them it was worthy their attention. On my return home, found Mr. Davis and Mrs. Mathews had arrived from the Waimate. The Alligator came round to Kororarika. Emp'd all my spare moments in preparing for an expedition to the Northd. In the eveng. the Captain and Mr. Busby called to consult as to the measure to be adopted for the recovery of the small vessel taken by Pomare.10 We declined giving any opinion except its being extremely hazardous. The natives would probably resist the attempt.
Tuesday, 11. Fine. At daylight prepared for departure; light breeze from the Southd. At 10 left the beach with Mr. Davis and Mrs. Mathews. Mr. Puckey in his boat in company. Wind shifted to N.E., doubtful for some time if we should proceed, but were enabled to lay clear out of the Bay. Mrs. Mathews suffered from the swell outside the heads. Little wind during the afternoon, but what there was favoured us. At 5 landed close to Wangaro to dine. The place was very quiet and shady. All were very hungry, we enjoyed our repast. The eveng. being clear we determined to continue our voyage under easy sail. Spread my bed for Mrs. Mathews which was of considerable relief for her.page 364
Wednesday, 12. Clear night; little wind; tho a good deal of swell. At 4 rounded Knuckle Point, the breakers making considerable noise on the rocks. Soon found ourselves in smooth water. At 7 landed to breakfast. Mrs. M. very tired. We all stood in need of refreshment. The beach was very fine, hard sand, but our situation far from comfortable as we could not find shelter from the scorching rays of the sun, there not being any trees growing here, and to add to our distress some of the boys set fire to the little firn and rushes around us and we were soon left to the bare sand. We were here obliged to remain till three o'clock as there is no possibility of proceeding except with the flood tide owing to its strength. We sailed at a good rate up the river and after several turnings came alongside of the Karere, but we did not land till 9 o'clock at the store. I felt very unwell which I believe was from the effects of the sun, and was glad soon to retire to rest.
Thursday, 13. Cloudy; appearance of a Gale. Felt much better for my night's rest. After breakfast we walked to Kaitaia,11 distance 7 or 8 miles. We were saluted, on our arrival, by the firing of guns, &c., &c. The rain commenced as we entered the house. We were very hungry and were refreshed by Melons and cucumbers, quite in the rough, but Mrs. M. had seen all things in order by teatime. We could not see much of the country this day.
Friday, 14. Heavy gale with rain through the night, but the morning was fine. The river rose eight feet. We walked out to examine the country, the soil very rich and of good extent. We were much pleased with all we saw, as there will be every means of providing food for all purposes.
Saturday, 15. Fine. We walked to some distance to see the boundary of the land proposed. The natives wish us to remain a few days, which we shall most probably do.
Sunday, 16. Held service at 10 o'clock; a pleasing congregation. Our singing a strange mixture, could scarcely preserve anything like a time from such a confusion of notes, as we had almost every one the human voice was capable of. We afterwards held service in Mr. Mathew's house and administered the sacrament.
Monday, 17. Wind westerly. A number of natives arr'd to see the payment for the land. Very importunate tho tomorrow the day nominated. After dinner the payment was given to Paua,12 which after much ceremony was carried out to the Multitude. page 365 Many speeches were made, but they were too impatient and could not restrain themselves, for after we had left them a short time they rose and had a general scramble which was succeeded by a considerable row which lasted some time. Some appeared disposed to turn upon us but we were too old in the service to be affected by their folly. Much furious language was used.
Tuesday, 18. Wind west. Many natives about all day. Determined to remain till tomorrow to see all quiet. Fine afternoon.
Wednesday, 19. Fine clear morning. At 9 took leave of Mrs. Mathews and commenced our journey homewards. Punakareao13 in company. He was very desirous to know when we should return; his behaviour has been very good. We passed the Karere in the river not able to move. The eveng. clear; landed for the night at the heads; breeze springing up at N.E.
Thursday, 20. Passed a most wretched night, no rest, bitten from head to foot. At daylight discovered that we had been devoured by spiders. We felt in a miserable plight; our wounds stung severely. The wind freshened in the course of the day. Sultry weather. Could not continue our voyage.
Friday, 21. Night hot; the Mosquitoes very teasing. At daylight appearances more favourable; prepared for moving. Pulled out on the ebbtide against the wind close to the shore, Nothing but sand. At 4 put into a small cove close to Knuckle point; felt a severe head ache. Doubtful of the night but determined to make the attempt to push on. At sunset pulled round; considerable sea under the land owing to the tide. Kept out some distance and had a light breeze favourable to us.
Saturday, 22. The night was clear, and our progress good considering the lightness of the breeze. At daylight found ourselves about 8 miles from Wangaroa. At 11 we landed on one of the large islands to breakfast, the boys weary with pulling and we with sitting up all night. The wind headed us in the afternoon, and with difficulty we pulled as far as the largest of the Kavalies. Our lodging was good; we took dinner between 8 and 9 and were glad to retire to rest, tho we much regretted our prospect for the Sabbath.
Sunday, 23. Weary and uncomfortable. No natives near us, tho we saw their fires on the opposite shore. The day very hot. In page 366 the afternoon obs'd a large ship standing into Wangaroa; at sunset the clouds passing rapidly from the Eastd.
Monday, 24. We were all on the move long before daylight and we put forth tho with little hopes of being able to proceed as the clouds were rolling up from the Eastd.; but by dint of perseverance in sailing and pulling, we were enabled to round Pt. Pocock at 1 o'clock to the no small joy of all and soon ran up the bay. Very many ships at anchor. The families all well. Much local news.
Tuesday, 25. Every appearance of a Gale.
Wednesday, 26. A Gale all day with rain. Towards sunset the wind increased to hurricane, which continued for 2 hours with great violence. One Ship drove directly towards us, but the wind shifting more to the Westd. prevented her coming on shore. We were under considerable apprehension as to the damage which might be sustained in different quarters. At 8 o'clock the sea rose so high that it broke over the bank and deluged our front gardens. We were obliged to turn out and draw the boats and canoes within the fences.
Thursday, 27. The wind ceased before morning and was succeeded by a great calm; the sky clear, but the effects of the gale visible on every side: The bank washed away, the fencing down, the Ships out of place hither and thither, with their lower yards and topmasts struck, and all the trees in the Settlement as tho they had been burnt with fire, black, from the wind and spray of the sea. The boys repairing damages. In the eveng. met the christian natives, which I felt a considerable relief.
Good Friday, 28. Service in the morng. No strangers. In the afternoon went over to Kororarika; had a good deal of pleasing conversation with Titore. All had much to say and enquiries to make respecting the Hurricane. The sea had taken a considerable portion of the bank away and washed some of the houses down. They attributed this to the anger of the Gods; whether of the New Zealand Gods or the Gods of the Europeans, they could not say.
Sunday, 30. Fine. Went up the Kauakaua; held an agreeable service with the natives; passed on to Waiomio; met a large party here, with Kauwiti; they were very civil but insensible.
Monday, 31. A number of natives from Taiamai.
Tuesday, 1 April. Emp'd sharpening saws; a dry employment. Mr. and Mrs. Wilson arr'd from Te Puna on their way to Puriri. Took Mrs. Williams up the river for an airing. Met the Christian natives in the eveng.page 367
Wednesday, 2. Not being able to find the Mare this morng. did not go to Taiamai.
Thursday, 3. Rain. Heard that Pumuka was cutting down the fire wood at Opua; paid him a visit, he was disposed to be very obstinate.
Friday, 4. Fine morning; went to Taiamai. Te Morenga very unwell. Numbers came and slept at the place; engaged in conversation nearly all night. Many appear earnestly enquiring the way to Zion.
Saturday, 5. Fine. Ret'd to Paihia by noon.
Sunday, 6. Did not go from home. Administered the sacrament in the afternoon as the brethren were out in the morning.
Monday, 7. My brother and I were on the way early to Waimate; we were much hindered by carrying a £100 of silver which was very cumbersome. My brother gave the address in the eveng.
Tuesday, 8. At close business till 8 in the eveng.
Wednesday, 9. At close business till 9 in the evening, when we concluded.
Thursday, 10. Rode to Taiamai. Temorenga better. A large congregation in the eveng. very attentive; many of them lay down around me at night, whereby they would shew their regard which I could well dispense with. Talking nearly all night.
Friday, 11. About 70 old and young at school. They appear anxious to learn and continue in regular attendance. The road much improved, 3 small bridges newly constructed. Ret'd to Paihia by 1 o'clock. Everyone busy in assisting Mr. Fairburn in embarking his things.
Saturday, 12. Occupied much time in sharpening pit saws; dry unpleasant work, and none of my natives capable of so important a duty. Appearance of a Gale. Natives assisting Mr. Fairburn to embark his goods.
Sunday, 13. In the afternoon went to the Pa. Morunga attended with profound politeness, evidently receiving in at one ear, and letting it escape at the other. Called on Pumuka on my return home; more attentive than usual. Appearance of a Gale.
Monday, 14. Every one in a very unsettled state, in preparing for Mr. Fairburn's departure. Could not keep the natives to any employment; all taking leave. Mr. Baker arr'd from the Kerikeri.
Tuesday, 15. Our natives very unsettled, would do nothing, obliged to reprimand some of them severely, but as we ourselves felt incapable of entering upon any steady occupation owing to the present movements, I felt there was some shadow of excuse for them. In the eveng. met the Christian natives.page 368
Wednesday, 16. Wind still N.E. The Fortitude hindered for want of ballast.
Thursday, 17. No work. The natives sitting about in groups. In the eveng. met Taiki to converse upon the state of his soul, was very much pleased with him.
Friday, 18. Appearance of the Gale breaking upon us. Two Captains came on shore to mention that their casks had been seized up the Kawakawa whither they had been taken for water, and to request “some advice and assistance if they could be recovered quietly, otherwise the various crews of the Fleet would go up armed and get them by force”. I advised them to let the crews attend to their own ships and not to attempt such a hazardous undertaking, as they would meet on very unequal terms; they might go up but would not return. I told them I would accompany them in one boat and what could be done I would do. We went accordingly, and found one raft of several ton butts, much beyond what I had expected. We passed on to the settlement. The natives soon shewed themselves and told us that the casks were some in one place some in another. After a long talking, scolding and joking, we succeeded in recovering all, keeping them in good humour. Their demands were high for the water, and it was not until we were well down the river that I considered that we had full possession, as they expected we sh'd return previously with the required payment. We parted however on very good terms. We did not arrive at the ship before we were well wet as it rained all the afternoon. On my return to the Settlement found everyone very busy, as Messrs. Fairburn and Wilson were taking their families on board tho nine o'clock.
Saturday, 19. Heavy rain with vivid lightening. The weather cleared up in the forenoon. It was determined that my brother should accompany the brethren to their new station; sent my boy Edward down also by way of a change. The Fortitude sailed in the afternoon in a sad lumbered state.
Sunday, 20. But thin attendance. In the afternoon went to the Puke. A pleasing little party.
Monday, 21. Fine. Commenced clearing away at Mr. Fairburn's old residence; many of the natives much disconcerted at the huts not being allowed to remain. Took Mrs. W. and Mrs. Brown to call at Mr. Busby's, and also for a change after the great bustle.
Tuesday, 22. Rain in the morning. Our boys gradually setting to work. In the Evening met the Christian natives.
Wednesday, 23. Fine. Sent the boat off before daylight to the page 369 Kerikeri for the stores. Two young men from the American ship which arrived yesterday; they were very polite and very communicative. Windy N.E. rainy quarter.
Thursday, 24. Boat returned from the Kerikeri before dinner. Rain and wind in the afternoon. Capn. Brown14 and the Doctor returned from the Waimate.
Friday, 25. Fine. Went up the river to see the natives at Opua; they were quiet. Called at Cap. Clendon's on business. Dr. Watkins15 called and performed an operation on Mata. The Karere came down from the Kerikeri. Wind easterly. Emp'd writing, &c.
Saturday, 26. Writing all day.
Sunday, 27. Did not move in the afternoon as it commenced raining.
Monday, 28. Fine. Went to Taiamai; the ride refreshing.
Tuesday, 29. Number of Natives at daylight with More to attend school. After breakfast Matiu and I went to the Aute; saw Hepetahi; he was very kind and pressed us to remain all night. Went to Naikunga. Kamera came, unusually civil. Returned to Titirangi by 4, tired. Good congregation in the eveng., who afterwards lay down as close as they could get to me and kept talking incessantly through the night.
Wednesday, 30. At daybreak had service with the natives and school, and after a long conversation with Temorenga and his friends I took leave and arrived at Paihia by 2 o'clock. Mrs. W. had been two days with Mrs. Busby, who was become the happy mother of a Son. The body of Hera, late wife of Hemi, removed from the burying ground with permission owing to the depredation committed by Marupo's people.
Saturday, 1 May. A little after midnight was awoke by a Messenger (an english man) from Mr. Busby to say that the natives had broken in the windows of his house and had been firing guns, that his Master and the whole household were in a state of alarm. I immediately roused up the Settlement. Sent to the Surgeon of the Eliza Francis and took Mrs. W. over to Mrs. Busby fearing consequences to her. Mr. Chapman accompanied us. Found all in confusion and alarm. Mr. Busby had rec'd a slight wound in the cheek but by what we could not tell. In about 3/4 of an hour several boats came from the Ships, fully manned with three Captains at page 370 their head, loaded with muskets, pistols, lances, harpoons, whale spades, &c., &c., but all was now quiet, and we experienced some difficulty how to dispose of this new force. The Sailors were scattered up and down, snapping their guns and pistols and threatening vengeance upon all who came in their way. However, by stating that it was requisite that Mrs. Busby must be kept quiet, our friends withdrew, stating their readiness to return upon a signal being given. At day break everyone out to trace the depredators. Followed their track for a considerable distance by pieces of paper, feathers, rags, &c. We returned after two hours search without discovering anything. The natives we saw appeared ignorant of what had taken place. We were here however much grieved by perceiving that two balls had been found in the boards of the house, one of which had been fired at Mr. Busby while standing in the door way, the splinters from which had struck his face. The second had been fired at two Europeans while passing the end of the house, and lodged in the weather boards; 4 or 5 guns were fired in all.
As the affair assumed a very serious aspect, we sent Messengers to the Waimate, Kerikeri, Wangaroa, &c., to acquaint the Chiefs generally, that they might consider the most proper steps to take. We then went on to the Puke to examine if any traces in that direction. We were somewhat confirmed in our surmise as several muskets were heard in that quarter, but I was much relieved that nothing was found in the road. We met a party of the Hikutu removing the bones of several of their relatives, who had fired the muskets heard in the morng. We could here learn no tidings, but I felt persuaded that the perpetrators of the deed would be discovered in a few days. Ret'd home in the afternoon to observe the state of matters there all quiet. At sunset took some boys and a watchdog and occupied my post at Mr. Busby's that I might in some measure relieve their anxiety, as there were no natives but one Chief near the place.
About 10, an alarm was given by one of the Englishmen on watch, that voices were heard amongst the bushes at no great distance. All were ordered under arms and to quarters at all the windows.
Friday, 2. Cloudy night. No appearance of the enemy, everyone still at quarters, and as Officer of the Guard I was armed with the garden rake which I thought would do very well either to keep off or draw to my opponent; at all events it would be a weapon they would not be well prepared for; but the fleas were worse than all, jumping about like grasshoppers, were general disturbers of the peace. We remained on watch till about 4 o'clock and had endured page 371 several serious alarms. First by some fowls at roost which were magnified into a troop of Grenadiers, marching down rank and file in military order. Secondly by the gnawing of a rat at the boards, but last of all the dogs began to growl and be uneasy. All were ready and breathless silence reigned. A ponderous opake body was seen drawing near, when to the relief of our bold guard, it was found to be the Mare. “What? a man,” exclaimed some. “No, the Mare.” All became quiet and as the moon had now arisen and gave a partial light we lay down upon our couches, but were tortured by those restless little creatures, (fleas) to such a degree that tho our eyes were heavy through want of sleep could get no rest.
At daylight ret'd home. All quiet. At 10 Warerahi and Rewa came over to learn the news; they appeared much concerned and passed on to Mr. Busby's. In the afternoon the boys commenced sawing. Mr. Baker arrived in the eveng. from Kerikeri.
Saturday, 3. Fine. Titore arr'd in the morng.; much conversation with him respecting this unhappy affair. He expressed himself well, but as yet the parties are not known. He crossed over to Kororarika to return on Monday. In the eveng., the news that Marupo's slaves had done the deed.
Sunday, 4. Cloudy. Rawiri up the river to converse with the Kawakawa natives. I did not move out this afternoon, as it came on to rain.
Monday, 5. Squally. Capn. Sadler, also Messrs. Yate and Kemp arr'd at 1 o'clock. Took Mrs. W. over to see Mrs. Busby; all dined there. No natives remaining about the premises. Were all much concerned at the apparent indifference of the natives. Titore did not come over, probably owing to the weather; no news.
Sunday, 6. Cap. Sadler 16 and I went over to Kororarika. Saw Titore, Rewa, &c., &c., and had long conversation with them upon present appearances which were by no means bright. Saw some of the Europeans living on shore who expressed some alarm for their own safety owing to the late affair. A Meeting to be held tomorrow by the Masters of the Ships in Harbour, and the resident merchants, &c., to move an address to the Governour of N.S.W., that more power be given to Mr. Busby to support the dignity of his office. A Messenger came to announce the arrival of Na te Rahiri at Waitangi. They deny the charge brought against them of being the perpetrators of this assault, and wish for a meeting to be given them in the morng. I feel thankful they are able to stand a page 372 meeting, as we should be thrown into much confusion should any disturbance take place with these people.
Wednesday, 7. Went on board the Clarkson to see Capn. Brown who had called the meeting to be held today on Motuorangi, an island opposite the settlement. Had a few words of conversation with him upon the necessity of our declining to be present and further that we must attend the council of the Natives, which was about to assemble at Mr. Busby's. Passed on to Mr. Busby's where we met Titore and several others. Marupo was present. He acknowledged that he was a bad fellow but not so bad as to be guilty of so foul a deed. Our Conference was upon the whole satisfactory. The culprits were not known, consequently could not be indicted. I felt my mind much relieved and very thankful to our Lord and Master that we had a prospect of concluding the matter so quickly. The Natives seemed much concerned and disposed to find out the perpetrators and to reside more closely to Mr. Busby as his protectors. After a good mess of stirabout to all assembled, they dispersed very quietly. The result of the meeting of the Europeans on the Island not yet obtained. Very weary both in body and mind.
Thursday, 8. Boys again at work sawing fencing; weather squally, heavy showers. Emp'd sharpening saws.
Friday, 9. With a good deal of thought and trouble, deposited the mill stones in the punt in order to convey them to the Kerikeri.
Saturday, 10. Squally. Boys sawing. Some anxiety for the Fortitude. Rec'd a note from Mr. Polack respecting a house at Kororarika about to be sold. The house proposed as a Chapel. Sent messengers to Kawiti to come down to settle with the Roroa, who were trespassing at Opua.
Sunday, 11. Fine. After service went over to Kororarika; a number of Sailors pulling about; had conversation with several natives who were exceedingly dark and indifferent.
Monday, 12. Fine. Mr. Chapman and I went over to Kororarika to view the houses for sale, but they would not answer and the situation bad. Mr. Polack repeated his proposal to erect a Chapel at the West end of the beach; left for further consideration. Found Kawiti and party in the settlement on our return; held a council respecting the behaviour of the Roroa. The old man said I need not regard them, that he would put them to rights. He appeared very thoughtful as to the conclusion of Mr. Busby's affair. Our old servant Maraia very obstinate.
Tuesday, 13. Heavy rain through the night; the morng calm and fine. Sent the punt to the Kerikeri with the Mill Stones; a great page 373 relief, as it is the first opportunity for several days. In the afternoon rode to the Puke to bury Wm. Mahera, a christian native. Mr. Busby accompanied me. This is the first buried at his own place. All were very attentive. The poor widow sat at one end of the grave, and his mother at the other. This is an interesting little place, of which we have great hopes.
Wednesday, 14. Fine. New Zealander (Schr) came into port from the islands. No news of interest.
Thursday, 15. Mr. Tapsel and Thos. Hanson17 came, the former from Maketu. Cap. Cole of the New Zealander called, profoundly polite. Patariki, Matariki and Kawiwi came in the eveng., the two former in a very promising way.
Friday, 16. At day light a Schr. obs'd at anchor by the black rocks, which proved to be the Columbine schr. from Sydney. Rec'd a public letter from England, no private ones; none for a considerable period. Pumuka came in a friendly manner, said he had concluded his tutu obstinacy, and that he had received a cask of oil for the fire wood at Opua, and had now come for me to go and fetch it. I was much rejoiced to hear this as it restored our confidence and preserved our influence with them. Met the christian natives in the evening.
Saturday 17. At 3 a.m., a gentle tap at the window announced the arrival of our boy Edward by the Fortitude. We were glad to learn that all were well and safely returned. We had much news to learn and much to impart. The accounts from the Southd. very cheering. A special meeting ordered for Tuesday week, to hear the report from the Southd., and to detemine mode of proceeding.
Sunday, 18. Squally, cold rainy day. No strangers at service; a good muster of natives. Administered the sacrament to nine of our natives. Rain most of the afternoon, could not move out.
Monday, 19. Squally. Boys emp'd sawing.
Tuesday, 20. Hamu came in the eveng., with whom I had much conversation.
Wednesday, 21. Went up the river to Cap. Clendon on business.
Friday, 23. Rain occly. Boys preparing stock of shells for lime for the school house. Pumuka came to negotiate for the remainder of the fire wood split.
Sunday, 25. In the afternoon went up to Otuihu. Saw several natives. They appeared a good deal concerned at the news of an page 374 attack upon them, from the report of Mauparaua18 having been the person who fired upon Mr. Busby.
Monday, 25. Fine. Preparing a chart of the Northern island for the Committee. Pumuka came about the wood up the river to settle finally for it. I paid him for it in order to settle the matter.
Tuesday, 26. Fine. The brethren arr'd by noon; after dinner commenced business. It was determined that I sh'd not remove from hence with my family.
Wednesday, 27. At business all day. Three new stations proposed, Waikato, Tauranga and Rotorua. Our Chart threw much light upon the subject.
Thursday, 28. Fine. The brethren and children returned home.
Friday, 29. Fine. Writing and drawing Chart for New South Wales.
Saturday, 30. Fine. Boys steadily at work, sawing, &c., &c.
Sunday 1 June. Fine. No wind. Went up the Waikari. Natives very careless. Tu Karangatia told me that if we visited them they should become ill and that we had better keep away.
Monday, 2. Wind from the North; rain; employed writing.
Tuesday, 3. Fine. Emp'd writing. Went up the River to Pumuka; the affair of the fire-wood not yet settled.
Wednesday, 4. Fine. Mr. Yate arrived from Waimate previous to his departure for England.
Thursday, 5. Heavy rain. Mr. Yate returned home. Fortitude arrived from the Northd. previous to sailing for Port Jackson
Friday, 6. Fine. Kawiti arrived in several canoes and two boats with about 400 men. We had been led to expect them to pay us a visit but did not know the full import of their call. We understood that they had charged us with spreading the report of their having made the attack upon Mr. Busby, in order to show their innocence they had determined to give us a brush up, but however these little matters did not disturb us. The work of the Settlement was wholly laid aside and as the people were perfectly quiet and well behaved, we paid them all the respect in our power. Their object in coming down it appeared was to exhibit their strength and readiness to meet the Ngaphui if they were disposed. Many speeches were made, which were succeeded by their haka, and scampering several times from one end of the Settlement to the other, also a few vollies of page 375 musketry. They professed great friendship and esteem for us, and desired that we should communicate with the opposite party as early as we could. They returned in the afternoon in a very orderly manner to Otuihu.
Saturday, 7. Went to Waitangi, at the desire of Kawiti, to see Rewa, who had pulled over. Engaged talking with him and others most of the day. A general hindrance. These meetings with the natives are wearisome, but highly necessary to the preservation of peace and good will. Several new pas are in a state of forwardness which plainly indicate the idea which the people possess of the state of the times. We need much wisdom and grace. May the Lord grant this unto us.
Sunday, 8. A number of strangers at service. In the afternoon went to Otuihu where I met a large party but insensible as the stones. I was as one who spoke in an unknown tongue. Poor old Kawiti and others were sitting under considerable apprehension of war without a single hope or apparent desire to know that only name whereby men can be saved.
Monday, 9. Fine. Strong wind. Engaged all day with Mr. Busby and the natives to endeavour to purchase the land for him at Waitangi, but could not. Mr. Hamilton, Surgeon of H.M. Ship Buffalo, came from the Kerikeri; much hindered.
Tuesday, 10. Fine. Engaged writing and preparing despatches for New South Wales. At work nearly all night. At 10 a.m. left for the Kerikeri, to attend the general Committee. At business till 10 p.m.
Wednesday, 11. Fine. At business 14 hours at accounts.
Thursday, 12. Fine. At business 14 hours at estimates and returns. We hope they are now approaching to order and regularity.
Friday, 13. Not yet closed our business. All weary, but continued for another 14 hours at general matters, and the Indent concluded by 11.30 p.m. A most tedious meeting; every one oppressed with head ache.
Saturday, 14. Returned home by 4 a.m.; very weary. Heard several muskets on our way to Paihia; were fearful of mischief, but were thankful to find all well. In the evening I met the christian natives. Our old girl Mau came on a visit. Her husband and herself were baptised last Sunday at Waimate; we had much pleasing conversation with her.
Sunday, 15. Administered the Sacrament to six natives. After dinner went over to Kororarika. I had a long conversation with Rewa, &c., but found him very careless; passed on to our old place. We found a more welcome reception there. Held service in the page 376 evening with the natives, after which had a pleasing conversation with Heke. I certainly have good hopes of this man tho he has always been a daring impudent fellow, but what cannot divine grace accomplish. Is anything too hard for omnipotence? At home I found Mau, now Ripeka, with our old lady Tamaki, the widow of Tikoke, whom I hope is not far from the Kingdom of Heaven.
Monday, 16. All day engaged with Mr. Busby and natives contracting for his land. Weary with talking.
Tuesday, 17. Heavy rain all the morning. In afternoon cleared off. Boys at fencing. My boy Kamou came with much expression of enquiry to know if it was proper that he should marry Wahine Rahi, an old widow. Have you any wish to do so? No. Then you had better tell her so. But, replied the lad, she runs after me like a little dog. I told him I would dispose of the old lady, and he must sit quiet. In the evening I had four enquirers.
Wednesday, 18. Fine. Wind S.E. Karere sailed.
Thursday, 19. Fine. Very cold. Writing all day. Tho pressed for time was obliged to admit three enquirers after divine things. They flock around as doves to the windows and many a word are we required to scatter by the way as we proceed from place to place.
Friday, 20. Fine. All day writing.
Saturday, 21. Fine. Writing. At sunset gale from the North. Closed my papers.
Sunday, 22. Gale with heavy rain. No moving out, nor could we hold service in the afternoon.
Monday, 23. The weather changed in the night. At daylight fine, no wind. At 8 o'clock Edward our firstborn took leave of his sorrowing mother and sisters; it was a painful moment but important. I had to conduct him to the Ship laying at Wangaroa. Our boat was full. We arr'd by noon, when we found the remainder of the party ready. All was bustle, and after taking a hasty refreshment we rode to Kukuparere. We had several heavy showers to contend with. We arr'd at our encampment at dusk; it was an uncomfortable spot and much exposed to the wind. We found it however far better than was expected. We kindled some good fires which were highly necessary, took supper and retired to rest. The children were much pleased with their trip.
Tuesday, 24. Much rain during the night. At daylight left our horses and walked to the boats of H.M. Ship Buffalo by nine. The road very bad, dirty and difficult to pass over. We shifted our clothes and moved down to the Ship, but not without encountering page 377 a violent thunderstorm, accompanied with heavy rain. Cap. Sadler rec'd us very kindly and introduced our boys to their new lodgings which were very comfortable. A salute from the great guns was fired in compliment to Titore. The Ship appears quite ready for sea and everything in good order. I trust that our boys under the care of Cap. Sadler, who is a family man, and Mr. Yate, will pass over the waters in a comfortable manner, less exposed to that sad language and conversation which is too prevalent on board ship.
Wednesday, 25. Fine. Slept comfortably on the deck of my Boy's cabin. After breakfast went on shore to see the natives and had a good deal of conversation with them. In the afternoon employed taking a sketch of the Harbour, for Mr Yate.
Thursday, 26. Fine. Ship ready for sea. Took leave of Cap. Sadler, Mr. Yate and the children, and pulled up the river by 10.30. This day is an important period in my poor boy's life, and I cannot but feel acutely his situation. His little bark has now entered upon the ocean of life; may the Lord of Heaven and Earth, the great shepherd of Israel, who slumbereth not neither sleepeth, be ever with the lad to guide and comfort him all the days of his future pilgrimage, and prepare him for his glory above.
After some refreshment we rode to the Kerikeri much fatigued. Heard of disturbances in the bay amongst the natives. Warerahi had been upset while passing from one party to the other, and two men drowned. Natives generally under arms.
Friday, 27. Ret'd to Paihia. All well in the settlement, tho considerable irritability of feeling amongst the natives. In the eveng. several inquirers after spiritual knowledge, which forms a contrast to the present feeling without.
Saturday, 28. Heard particulars of the meeting of natives at Otuihu, which was rough indeed. Nothing as yet discovered. I felt a strong desire to go and see them, but my boys all out of the Settlement.
Sunday, 29. Fine. Went up the Kawakawa. Upon landing at the Settlement we obs'd a house close to us break out into a blaze, which was in a few minutes totally destroyed. My boys rescued several things by being on the spot. There was soon much confusion by the natives running, and much effort was required to check the rage of this consuming element from extending its ravages further. When extinguished we reassembled the congregation which was very attentive. After service was concluded I called on Watonga, a disciple of the Nahaki, but the man was heavy. We passed on to Hiamoe's place. No one there but Hari who formerly gave page 378 an attentive ear; he has for some time joined Papaurihia.19. We found him civil. We felt persuaded that the people had purposely gone out of the way upon our approach. We did not remain long here, but continued our round to Pukututu; he gave us a welcome which is as much as we can expect at present. I called at Otuihu on our way down. Numbers at the place, tho in the bond of iniquity, they did not receive our message. Although in this direction we do not meet with any encouragement, yet do we cast our bread upon the waters, in the sure hope that we shall find it, tho after many days. Received a request from Mr. Busby to see him in the morning, as he was unable to move from home owing to the conduct of his servants towards last evening.
Monday, 30. Fine. Under the necessity of going over to see Mr. Busby respecting the uproar of his servants. Engaged till sunset with him.
Tuesday, 1 July. Rode with my boy Samuel to the Aute and Titirangi. Old Hepe20very kind. Tao accompanied me. Spent an agreeable evening in company with the natives who were making spiritual enquiries; they appear in a very pleasing state.
Wednesday, 2. Could not sleep, tho free from flees, owing to the perpetual talking through the night. Rose at daylight, had prayers with the natives. All the old men at school as well as the little children. Walked to the top of Powerua, a fine view. In the afternoon rode to the Waimate. All well except Mr. Davis' daughter, Serena.
Thursday, 3. Messrs. Clarke and Davis accompanied me to Titirangi to set out the land which I hope is the commencement of a future Town or City. Temorenga and others much interested in our plans. Ret'd to the Waimate. Heard that Mr. White had been setting up his rahue at Waikato.
Friday, 4. Rode to Titirangi on my way home. Temorenga in good spirits. Arrived at Paihia by dusk; all well. Mr. Baker in the settlement to prepare for the removal of his family.
Saturday, 5. Fine. Employed writing.
Sunday, 6. After service went to Otuihu. The natives more attentive than usual. Saw Morunga, Motutara, Pomare, &c., &c., page 379 waiting the arrival of the Napuhi to converse on the late disturbances.
Monday, 7. Fine. Obs'd the canoes from Kororarika pulling up the river to Otuihu. Much hindered by natives desiring payment for the new road to the Aute. Had considerable trouble with them. Afternoon went up the river to see the natives; found them in deep council business nearly concluded; returned by dusk, well pleased with all I had seen, hoping that this sad affair of Mr. Busby's may remain unknown as the people are too young as yet to punish the offenders according to European law.
Tuesday, 8. The boats arrived from the Kerikeri with the children to school. Messrs. Brown, Kemp and Baker, also Dr. Ross.
Wednesday, 9. Fine. Messrs. King, Edmonds, Davis and Hamlin arr'd with their children. Spoke to Mr. Edmonds at the request of the brethren, respecting his removal to the Colony, as there did not appear any prospect of employment for him. Mr. E. to give his views of the subject in a few days.
Thursday, 10. Day of great interruption.
Friday, 11. Rain through the night. In the eveng. several enquirers, Hamu, &c., &c.
Saturday, 12. Fine at daylight; a large Ship hove in sight, which proved to be the Belina from Sydney. Mr. and Mrs. Stack with letters, &c., &c., &c.
Sunday, 13. Fine. Went up Waikari; called by Tukarangatia, went on shore to him; found him in a very quiet mood, for he was in the midst of a disturbance with the Na te Pou who were come to plant in his ground. As the tide was flowing I could not wait. Te Toru,21, &c., were very civil tho hard as flint rock. On my return down the river I landed where the disturbers were at work; they were disposed to be impudent. I called on Pomare at Otuihu who is the Chief of these people to mention particulars to him; he promised to put them to rights.
Monday, 14. Continued succession of interruptions from Natives and Europeans. Landing goods from the Ship, &c., &c. Cap. Dacre22 called, which concluded the day in doing nothing. At dusk page 380 Messrs. Shepherd, Clarke and Davis arr'd; engaged talking till midnight.
Tuesday, 15. Much of the bustle over. Messrs. Clarke and Davis ret'd at noon. Engaged in the latter part of the day in making arrangements for new alterations for the Girls' School, which I hope may be effected without much expense and trouble.
Thursday, 17. The ship not sailed. Wind south. Went on board to settle bill of lading; could make nothing of them, such errors in the numbers; however we rec'd more cases and packages than were down on the bills. Engaged with the natves till late. Warerahi came into my study amongst all the others; had a long conversation with him; poor old man, he seems well disposed.
Friday, 18. Fine. Wind South. No movements in the vessel nor any work done in the settlement owing to the numbers of natives about waiting to see our voyagers off. In the afternoon Mr. Baker and family arrived from the Kerikeri also Dr. and Mrs. Ross. All at our house till the evening, when we made field beds in their house. Much cast down by an insolent letter from Mr. White to Mr. Baker, wherein it appears that our two missions can never run together, some serious measures must be adopted, or we shall sustain much damage. The conduct of this man has frequently called forth the notice of the natives as being inconsistent, but to the Europeans it has been unbearable. With much assurance he sends us notice of his having formed stations in various parts of Waikato, tho he followed in the steps of Messrs. Brown and Hamlin. His conduct is sadly grievious and is likely to be productive of serious mischief to these poor people; they cannot but see and know our weakness. I feel persuaded that nothing but the removal of their mission from the land can remedy the evil. The world is large, we surely need not thus clash. The question must be brought forward. May the Lord direct us aright.
Saturday, 19. At day light much bustle; the Ship under weigh, but little wind. The settlement not clear till 9 o'clock. I trust the presence of the Lord may go with our brethren, and that he will give them grace in the sight of the Heathen. Mr. Stack remains a few weeks and goes down in the Karere. Learnt with much pain page 381 that for some days since during the abode of the natives of Waikato within the settlement, that the native songs have been indulged, tho secretly. Held a strict enquiry, and was considerably relieved to find that some had lifted up their voices against such proceedings. In the eveng. met Rawiri, Matiu and Maraia, previous to their receiving the sacrament.
Sunday, 20. Fine. The Chapel as full as it could well hold; administered the sacrament to eight natives. Mr. Mair attended the english boys, which set me at liberty to go up to Otuihu. Pomare civil, said he should like to believe, but he did not like to cast away his wives. He spoke of building a Chapel.
Monday, 21. A carpenter came to erect the new building, for the accommodation of the girls' school, at 6/pr. day.
Tuesday, 22. Rode to the Waimate; found all well. In the eveng. held a consultation upon Mr. White's letters. Every appearance of a Gale.
Wednesday, 23. Rain in the morng. Weather cleared off in the forenoon; rode to Titirangi, and returned to the Waimate.
Thursday, 24. Heavy gale; rain all day. Messrs. Clarke and Hamlin came down in the afternoon.
Friday, 25. Heavy gale. Rain without intermission, unable to move out.
Saturday, 26. Wind ceased in the night and the rain by 9 in the morng. Rode to the Kerikeri by noon, from whence I went to Paihia by boat as all the streams were swollen by the rain. The breakers in the bay very terrific, rolling long distance out; passed safely inside of all. Everything quiet in the Settlement.
Sunday, 27. Showers occly. No strangers at service. Mr. Baker went up the Kawakawa. The accounts from thence very good.
Monday, 28. Boys at work with the Carpenter collecting stuff for the new building. The old work of building sad hindrance, no getting out to the natives. In the afternoon 3 canoes from the Kawakawa with about seventy people to speak on spiritual subjects. We determined today that a house should be erected at Orotutu of small dimensions for Dr. Ross who had been thrown on Mr. Baker's hands by the Wesleyan missionaries, without the slightest effort on their part of affording any assistance. In the eveng. engaged several hours in conversaion with the natives from the Kawakawa.
Tuesday, 29. After breakfast met the party from the Kawakawa; 40 answered well; they desired to meet in the eveng. They appear in earnest. In the eveng held service in the Chapel, after which met our friends in a more private manner. Hamu and Aka spoke in a pleasing manner also some others. I trust there is good going on. page 382 I should be glad if I could be more frequently amongst them, but the rough places are not yet made plain.
Wednesday, 30. Met the natives again this morng.; talked till noon when they returned up the river, telling me they should return in a fortnight and remain a longer time. May the Lord teach them by his spirit, and keep them in his faith and fear. I gave them some small books and a few of the early lessons. Our temporalities sad hindrance. Commenced to clear out the old “Beehive” previous to a demolition. Many came in the eveng. but obliged to deny myself. My brother being out of the way, the sick more particularly in my charge, whom I attended with Dr. Ross.
Thursday, 31. Commenced opperations upon the “Hive”; found it in many places in a considerable state of decay. Several natives came in the eveng., amongst whom were Hamu and Wera, who spoke very correctly.
Friday, 1 August. Mr. Baker and I went to Kororarika to see the Chiefs relative to the erection of a Chapel. Saw Titore, Tareha, Wai, &c., &c.; all very civil. Tareha as great a child as usual; all the rest expressed themselves as willing to hear; they spoke of great change generally. The boys employed clearing away the “Hive”. In the eveng. I met the christian natives.
Saturday, 2. Cloudy; appearance of approaching gale; determined consequent not to go to Te Puna. Set a party of the Nateawa at work to remove the rubbish away for the new building. Rec'd a letter from Mr. White of the same stamp with his former ones. News from Schr from the Thames; the natives appear involved in war with those of Waikato. Our brethren down amongst them in time. Heke, Tepeha24 and Porua came, with whom I had a long and very agreeable conversation; they spoke of a general change. My spirit much oppressed by temporal engagements, cannot raise a boat's crew without disturbing the work which absolutely must be done, but I fear that our greatest disturbance will be Mr. White and his partisans, the evil effect his conduct may have upon the natives generally.
Sunday, 3. The morng. clear and calm. Endeavoured to get over to Te Puna having met so many difficulties owing to the weather, but the boys shewed their independence so effectually that I was obliged to remain. The Chapel very full. Baptised the infant of Mr. and Mrs. Busby, and administered the sacrament to 15 Europeans. page 383 In the afternoon went to Otuihu. Pomare hard as steel. No disposition to receive instruction; he says there are numbers of Europeans like him who regard not the truth, even those who consider themselves respectable. Alas, Alas, how true it is! Who hath believed our report, and to whom hath the arm of the Lord been revealed.
In the eveng. Mrs. W. and I went to see Mata, wife of Rawiri, who has this day lost her infant boy who died from a rupture. A few christian natives were with her. They were singing a hymn at their eveng devotion as they were not attending the service at the Chapel. The poor mother was glad to see us and expressed herself very well respecting herself and the child. On my return I could not but rejoice in beholding the lights in various houses and the Chapel, and the many changes since my landing, this day eleven years. May the Lord bless our efforts more abundantly and unto Him shall be the praise.
Monday, 4. Fine. Several came this eveng. but could not see them. Heard more particulars of the disturbance to the Southd. The whole appears the fault of the Thames natives, but I trust our brethren arrived in time to check further proceedings.
Tuesday, 5. Fine. Hoari and others came to me in the course of the day; at close work till late. Took the eveng. service, spoke upon the necessity of preparation for death, calling their attention to the departure of the child and the resurrection of the body. I afterwards met several enquirers, as they are termed. Hoari pleased me, he appears in earnest.
Wednesday, 6. Fine. Boys fencing, carpentering, painting, &c., &c.
Thursday, 7. Showers. As Rawiri the father of the child who died on Sunday did not arrive, I this morning committed its body to the ground. The poor Mother who had hitherto behaved very well seemed to lose herself as the little creature was lowered into the grave. She made a rush as tho she would not leave her child. She was caught by those around and found relief in a flood of tears. She sent me a very penitent note in the course of the day and in the eveng. I called upon her. Her natural passion had been somewhat excited by the nonappearance of her Husband to whom a messenger had been sent, to apprise him of the departure of his child. The boys as usual plastering, repairing the house, whitewashing, &c., &c. In the evening a party of women assembled with Mrs. Williams, the men came to me.
Friday, 8. Fine. Went up to Cap. Clendon on business. The boys emp'd in various work.page 384
Saturday, 9. Strong wind. In the afternoon went to Te Puna for the purpose of spending the Sabbath. Unpleasant pull over; had to endure some heavy showers. Found Mr. King very poorly, no particular news; all well.
Sunday, 10. Service as usual; no one there but the family and a few Natives beside Warepoaka. Had some conversation with him respecting Papaurihia; he denied his belief in his doctrine. As they were rather out of sorts at home I returned in the afternoon.
Monday, 11. Fine. Boys emp'd as usual.
Tuesday, 12. Sent the boys to Titirangi to fetch potatoes. The christian natives came in the evening.
Wednesday, 13. Fine. Several strangers from Taiamai to converse on things pertaining to the Kingdom of Heaven.
Thursday, 14. Rain occly. through the day. Strong wind from N.W. Emp'd making pills, &c., &c. Much time occupied in dispensing medicines. While engaged in writing several applications to converse; could not refuse tho I scarcely know which way to turn. There is certainly a shaking amongst these dry bones. Many on the right and left are lending a listening ear, and enquiring the way to Zion. Pleasing accounts from the Kawakawa.
Friday, 15. Rode to the Aute. Saw old Hepetahi who appeared much pleased to see me. After a short conversation with him I passed on to Titirangi. Temorenga there; he was not very well. In the eveng. went on to the Waimate; weather very cold; found all tolerably well. The natives around in a pleasing state.
Saturday, 16. Messrs. Davis, Hamlin and Stack accompanied me to Titirangi; the change very refreshing.
Sunday, 17. Strong cold southerly wind. Cloaks very comfortable and necessary. The congregation very good. Administered the sacrament to six Europeans. After service rode to Taiamai; about 100 in the Chapel. Passed on to Titirangi to see a boy who had cut an artery last evening in his foot. It was with considerable difficulty stopt; the poor lad had well nigh gone; he was now doing well tho weak and faint from loss of blood. Ret'd to the Waimate by dusk. In the eveng baptised a young woman who was in the last stage of a consumption.
Monday, 18. Fine. After breakfast rode with Mr. Clarke to Waitangi to the place of Nate Win25 to baptise a woman who has long been ill. She was very near her end. Her views were clear and her desire strong to be admitted a member of the visable church. I had never before been here, it is a pretty place with a neat boarded page 385 Chapel; a rich, fertile spot, with woods at a convenient distance. From this place I returned home. When I had arr'd at the mud banks at Waitangi my horse ran off leaving me to get through how I could. Found a large party of natives from the Kawakawa waiting my arrival who had come to converse upon spiritual subjects. Good reports of the natives at Kororarika. In the eveng. I felt very tired and wished much to write, but was summoned to attend the natives. Met between 30 and 40, who kept me in close conversation till late.
Tuesday, 19. Heavy showers. Strong Southerly wind. Occupied in attending the sick. Heneri's child died; was obliged to reprove the mother. Carpenters at work. Sent my letter to Mr. White. In the eveng. met the natives from the Kawakawa; their attention was very great. Paura gone on the coast on a Missionary visit. This appears a season of considerable excitement. May the Lord direct our paths and pour out His Spirit upon this poor people. In the eveng. the Karere arrived from Kaitaia with potatoes for the Settlement.
Wednesday, 20. Showers and strong wind, very cold. Boys at the new building. In the afternoon took Mrs. Williams over to dine at Mr. Busby's; many improvements in the last three weeks.
Thursday, 21. Fine, strong wind. At noon Messrs. King, Kemp, Clarke and Davis arr'd to a Special meeting. Mr. and Mrs. Stack arrived from the Kerikeri. Commenced business after dinner.
Friday, 22. Fine. Concluded business by noon, and all separated. In the afternoon one old man and five youths from Te Puke came to have a little conversation. I was very much surprised at their questions and answers. They appear perfectly acquainted with that portion of Scripture they possess. In the eveng. I examined and conversed with the Christian natives previous to the administration of the Lord's Supper. Very weary at night, but it is a pleasurable weariness.
Saturday, 23. Cloudy. Poor old Aka came this morng.; he said if he had not been living with us he should certainly have been dead before this for his wife took no care of him nor did she think of the things of God. I gave him a few words of encouragement, and told him I would speak to her. A small party from the Kawakawa, Toenga, &c., &c.
Sunday, 24. Strong wind from the South. Chapel very full. Administered the sacrament to eight natives. In the afternoon went to Kororarika. Old Kaikohi came to lead the way to where the natives were assembled. Held service with them, at the conclusion of which held service with eleven Europeans; they behaved well and were attentive. Christopher Harris spoke to me upon the propriety of being married, the poor girl friend appeared very willing; the page 386 banns to be published on Sunday next. Ret'd home after dark much pleased and encouraged.
Monday, 25. Boys as usual about the new building, fencing and cultivation. A party of Strangers digging over a piece of ground for potatoes. In the forenoon had long conversation with several Strangers from the Kawakawa; the accounts from thence very pleasing. Old Hiamoe sent a message for me to go and see him as he has been some days unwell and the enemy wish to take advantage of it.
Tuesday, 26. Heke and some others came to enquire after those things which pertain to the Kingdom of Heaven; he tells me he is jealous of himself as many remarks are made of his joining us. I have much satisfaction of his late conduct; he appears much changed. Sat down with several in the afternoon by the Carpenter's shop, and held conversation for a length of time. The natives now meet in a new way by shaking hands as expressive of their change of heart. In the evening, met our own natives, Hamu, &c. &c.
Wednesday, 27. Fine. Poyner landed, bringing letters from the Thames; more particular accounts of the Parekura26 which has so lately taken place; a serious circumstance, tho I hope will be overruled for good. The progress of the new station there very interesting. Te Peha with several youths came from the Puke, their conversation and enquiries highly gratifying.
Thursday, 28. Appearance of a Gale. Heke brought a canoe of good firewood for some books and slates; he came in the eveng. with several of the candidates for baptism.
Friday, 29. Cloudy. Heke came early. I hope he is in earnest. Moka came over from Kororarika. I had now two of the greatest rogues in the land; they came however as changed men, which is evidenced by the conduct and conversation. Moka came to bring a sick child. My attention was called in the course of the day to a blind man reading the Scriptures. Kuri a near relation of Temorenga has for several months been quite blind; he has nevertheless paid great attention to the school, in order to learn the catechism, the service of the prayer book, and the various chapters which are in print. He came to me some time since and requested that I would let him have a complete book. I asked of what use a book would be to him as he was blind; he replied that it would be of great use, for tho he could not see he could hear and by possessing one he could let others read to him until he should see it with his heart. I let him have one desiring him to enquire of the Lord his Redeemer and have today witnessed a gratifying sight. I saw page 387 the poor fellow laying on the ground with his book open before him as tho he was pondering over its contents, repeating aloud verse by verse. I enquired of him what he was doing, and he observed that he was reading the 4th chapter of Mathew. I told him to continue which he did with great ease and much to the gratification of my heart. By this I learnt an important lesson never to hesitate in giving the word of Life to an earnest enquirer tho it might appear as bread cast upon the waters.
Saturday, 30. The gale commenced in the night in good earnest and the rain continued all day. A youth from the Aute came and sat till noon, hearing and asking questions; he spoke in a very pleasing manner. In the afternoon Ahu came, poor boy he spoke in earnest. The gale heavy with incessant rain, no one able to move out of the house. Three of our wives exceedingly unwell, Mrs. W. W., Mrs. Baker and Mrs. Brown.
Sunday, 31. Wind changed and the gale subsided. There being a prospect of a fine day, I went up the river. Called at Otuihu; insensible to everything. Some insultingly indifferent. Pomare on board the Brig at anchor in the river. I spoke as closely to them as I could and told them that as there were so many eagerly in quest of eternal salvation, I should confine myself to them and not return to their place unless specially requested to do so. As soon as the tide began to flow I continued my course up the river. We had much difficulty in steering the current owing to the late rain. We came first to old Hihi's place, where all greeted us with feeling of affectation. Their service was over which I conjectured would be the case. After a little conversation and some refreshment I crossed over to Hiamoe and his people. All well on my arrival. I congratulated them on their change, and exhorted them steadfastly to embrace the offer of the gospel. I held service with them, at their especial desire as the flood was too high to admit of their assembling together for eveng. service. On taking leave, all flocked round to shake hands, in their estimation, a very necessary evidence of the feeling of the heart, consequently they require the hand to be fully grasped and three or four good shakes. This is rather inconvenient as it occupied a good deal of time, besides rendering the hand tapud owing to the filthy state of their habits which we hope will gradually fall off as the dead leaves of Autumn. However it is cheering to witness their change. They obs'd that vegetation was now beginning to show itself after a long drought, (i.e.) that the Word was beginning to spring up in their heart after the many years wherein they had rejected it. The old man Hiamoe desired us not to leave them. I passed on to Pukututu; he and his wife were page 388 in their house; they called me to enter. After some conversation they desired to have service. This is one of the places which has been under the particular domination of Papaurihia, whose Sabbath is on the Saturday. After service was concluded, Pukututu said he must have a relative of his to live with him, one of our youths, as domestic chaplain. The youth is a candidate for baptism in a very pleasing state. He observed that his wife and nearly all the others had gone over to us and he would be left alone, that the tide was rising higher and higher and that it was needful for him to flee for his life. This man appeared in great earnest. His wife accompanied us on our way towards the boat. We were required to call at Hoari's house, where a good congregation of about 40 were assembled. They had concluded prayers, but waited for me to address them. The portion which they had been reading was Mat. 2, the star of Bethlehem, to which I directed their attention. It was with difficulty I got along to the boat as it was now quite dark and the road swampy and hilly.
Monday, 1 September. Not many interruptions; engaged in writing.
Tuesday, 2. Fine. Went over to Kororarika to see Titore respecting Mr. Polack's land which he had threatened to take away. He appeared extremely civil when I met him but a good deal mortified when the subject was brought forward and at length got up in a rage and ran off. This I was prepared for as he had unjustly been encroaching on the ground. On my return home found three canoes had landed from the Kawakawa, but was too much pressed with writing to speak with anyone. Rec'd a letter to the Committee from Mr. Whitely, requiring an explanation of the charge made in my letter to Mr. White relative to his having destroyed the good feeling which had once existed between the two Missions by his untoward conduct. If to establish this would result in the expulsion of both Mr. White and all in connection with him, it would be worthy a little time and trouble in writing, otherwise I think we shall preserve silence, and as they tell us in plain terms they intend to follow their own inclination, they must even do so without turning us from plans laid down. May the Lord preserve and direct us that we neither speak nor act unadvisedly. Mr White pulled close past the Settlement.
Wednesday, 3. Writing all night copying the Correspondence between Mr. White and myself, and sent off the despatches at daybreak. After breakfast felt so extremely hoha that I accompanied Mr. Baker up the river for an airing. Symptoms of a headache. In page 389 the afternoon several came to converse on spiritual things; not much in tune, weary and tired. In the evng. assembled a large congrega tion in the Chapel, and many came afterwards, but felt unable to speak with them.
Thursday, 4. Fine. Large Ship obs'd at anchor, which came over in forenoon. The Bardaster from Sydney bringing goods and letters, tho few for us. General news good. Mr. Clarke arr'd from the Waimate on business. Mr Scott long resident at Tauranga and a passenger from the Ship who had been at Entry Is. for some years came on shore, from whom we learnt much news from the Southd. Rec'd a long letter from Wara about his dreams. Several natives came in the afternoon. Took the service in the eveng.
Friday, 5. Heavy rain all night. Hamu had much to say about Wara's dreams, evidently much concerned. I sent for him to hear what he had to say. He related that in his dream he heard a voice call to him saying, “Sanctify the water, sanctify the water.” He enquired what water, but received no answer, and, as many sick people had been restored to health through his speaking to and praying with them, he was led to consider that there might be some spring that he ought to sanctify for the benefit of the sick and afflicted. I cautioned him to take heed to himself lest he be led away in these matters, for tho in old times God revealed himself in dreams and visions it was not so now, that he must strictly confine himself to the word of God and live in close communion with him. Went on board the Bardaster with Mr. Baker to look after the goods; a most uncivil set of fellows. In the afternoon several natives came to converse with me upon the word of God. In the eveng met the Christian natives. Several ideas of an extravagant nature to correct. Thus error creeps in on every side.
Saturday, 6. Fine. Mr. Scott on shore to request the goods might be landed here owing to the delay of the Karere. We consented with the understanding that every care should be taken on the part of the Ship as there was a good deal of surf. The boats did not come till the afternoon with some of the most careless men I ever saw. The casks and cases were bundled out anyhow, and several into the water.
News from the Waimate. Mr. White passing Mr. Davis' house on Thursday afternoon in heavy rain was sent after to put up for the night; he returned which led to some conversation upon late proceedings and further to some expressions of a conciliatory nature. I fear this is dangerous, no compromise can be made with people of such disposition, who would charge us with propagating errors page 390 of no small magnitude with no better motive than to gain a certain point. No. With these I feel quietness will be our safest conduct, and silence our best communication. They are full of bombast and noise.
Sunday, 7. Fine. Very full congregation. Did not go over to Kororarika owing to the indolence of our boys in launching the boat. Walked to Waitangi. Met a number of Natives, they had many objections to make, but civil. Our conversation was stopped by a sudden and general firing of musketry at Kororarika. The Natives jumpt up in alarm under the impression that they were fighting. In the eveng. Aparahama and Warerahi27 came over and gave the account of the day's transaction over at Kororarika. Two persons of Nate Haua had been nearly killed, on account of Kate Rewa's son-in-law, who was stript28 at Wakatiwai in the Thames with my brother and Mr. Brown. These two natives belonging to this same tribe were consequently seized, and were within one of falling a sacrifice. Our old friend Warerahi and Moka preserved all quiet, tho not until much angry feeling had manifested itself. They gave notice that we must go over in the morng. and settle the matter.
Monday, 8. Cloudy. Mr. Baker and I accompanied Warerahi over to the conference at Kororarika. The evil conduct of the Natemaru was stated and a general complaint made that they were a bad set of folks and ought to have war made upon them. We spoke by way of moderating the existing feeling, which I hope was not without effect. After several speeches from the Nobles present, we had a repast of kumara and dried fish set before us, of which I partook heartily being very hungry. On our return rec'd a note from Mr. Busby to call as Titore was there and he wished to settle the question of Polack's land. I did not like this case, as it was bringing Titore and myself in opposition, which I did not wish to do. We met in friendly way, entered into the subject and concluded far better than I had anticipated. Returned to Paihia in the midst of heavy rain.
Tuesday, 9. Showers. In the afternoon Mr. Davis arrived from the Waimate to see if any arrangement could be entered into by page 391 way of accomplishing a reconciliation between us and the Wesleyan Missionaries. Thought very doubtful.
Wednesday, 10. Fine. Messrs. Davis and Chapman went over to Mr. Busby to propose that he should be Chairman in the event of a Meeting taking place to adjust grievances, and all subjects discussed to be taken in writing, question and answer, and transmitted to England as an appendix to the late correspondence, which has been forwarded. Mr. Busby consented to act. Rode to Titirangi to see Te Morenga, who is very ill. Went to him in the eveng., found him better than I had expected. Held eveng. prayers with him and those with him by the light of a fire. The poor old man held his book and joined in singing and prayer and appeared very intent.
Thursday, 11. Night very cold. Ret'd to Paihia by dusk.
Friday, 12. Messenger from the Waimate; further discussion respecting Mr. White's affair. Truly all are fighting and striving for the mastery yet but one source. This is a bad case and a sad hindrance. Mr. Chapman waited on Mr. Busby who would rather not act. My hopes as faint as his. Several natives in the eveng. to converse with. Emp'd writing.
Saturday, 13. Heavy rain in the morning. Wind shifted to the Westd. Emp'd writing. Eveng. fine.
Sunday, 14. After service went up to Otuihu. Pomare too much engaged with Europeans and the rum to come. Attention extremely bad. Good report from Kororarika and the Kawakawa.
Monday, 15. Strong wind from West. Writing.
Tuesday, 16. Warerahi, &c., came from Kororarika, also Harris to be married which ceremony was concluded in the presence of all the natives. Had a mess of stirabout prepared for the Bridal party and presented the Bride with a Bible and prayer book. She is an interesting girl, grandchild to Warerahi. The Karere anchored from the Kerikeri for the Thames. Held a meeting with the Chiefs from Kororarika at their desire to prepare a letter from them to the Chiefs of the Thames, respecting the affair of Kate. A deputation of six young men their sons going up to convey it to them and to obtain a clear understanding with them upon the subject. Much interesting conversation with them. Heke brought his sick wife and child; obliged to provide accommodation for them. The poor woman is very ill and should she die, which is most probably the case, it will certainly be laid to our charge.
Wednesday, 17. Fine. A young man, who had, some years since, stolen the fifth of Matthew Henry's bible from my house and since baptised at the Waimate, came into the settlement for the purpose page 392 of making peace, or in other words obtaining my forgiveness. I enquired if he had brought a peace offering—reply, No. I obs'd that as he was a Chief and possessed the means, it would not be proper for me to see him till some restitution was made. Some of the natives pointed out to his notice Luke 19.8. Heke came in the eveng., and kept conversing till near midnight.
Thursday, 18. Fine. Wind fair for the Karere but not off. Emp'd writing, &c., &c. Mr. Mair's boat arrived from the Thames—all quiet in that quarter, as yet. In the afternoon held a wakawa respecting one of my boys named Hoaru, when he was found guilty of having stolen from my house a considerable quantity of things. The lad, who has been baptised, appeared very callous, denying everything tho the clearest proof was brought against him. I made a distribution of all he possessed to different persons in the settlement and turned him away. The Christian natives assembled and had some very serious conversation with him, upon the impropriety of his conduct and how he would thereby give the enemy cause to blaspheme. Took the eveng. service with the natives.
Friday, 19. Fine. The young man who had made overtures for peace for having stolen the fifth volume of Henry's bible some years since sent a deputation to me saying that he sh'd be in considerable distress if I would not see him, and further that he had a pig as a peace offering. I signified that it was not the pig I wanted but that it was necessary that some restitution should be made. I accordingly sent for him and spoke to him as I deemed the circumstances of the case required and rec'd his pig as a mark of his contrition of heart. Every one hindered in shipping off Mr. and Mrs. Stack. Accompanied them as far as Tapeka. Wind variable. Met the christian natives in the evening. Rec'd a raft of timber for which we are to give £20 which two years since we should have received for £2.
Saturday, 20. Fine. All the boys getting up timber. At noon there was a great cabal with several women who were conversing over the merits of the late theft. Some of them were of opinion that the lad had been falsely accused respecting some handkerchiefs, and that they had been taken from him because Mrs. W. saw they were good ones and wanted them herself. This led to further public investigation when I stated that if any mistake had taken place I would restore them four fold. It was fully proved against the lad, and the Ladies who had been using Mrs. W.'s name so unceremoniously were well reprimanded by some of our old natives as being propagators of much mischief. I felt somewhat cast down at the page 393 weakness and instability of our natives after all the care and attention they had received.
Sunday, 21. Fine. Went up the Kawakawa. As soon as we arr'd the bell commenced and the people gathered from various quarters. It was a pleasing sight and everything seemed to correspond, all was quietness around, the morning was beautiful and the noise of work had ceased. Everyone appeared in their best clean blankets and what other european garments they might possess. We assembled in an enclosure of grass. A table of rude structure was provided and as our numbers were too considerable for the building formerly set apart as a Chapel, we contrived outside and had a very agreeable service. After all was concluded my congregation came around to testify their good wish and affection by shaking hands. As this was intended in kindness I was obliged to receive it as such tho extremely inconvenient. I remained about an hour in conversation, and then moved on to Tirohanga to see Kawiti, but I had my walk for nothing, as the party had gone some distance to prepare canoes for fishing. On my return I paid a visit to a sick man who I was told had been quite dead but had been restored to life. Many came to hear our conversation. Ret'd to Paihia by dark.
Monday, 22. The Captain of an American brig came on shore from Sydney direct, but little news. After dinner went up to Mr. Greenways29 to call on Cap. Kent, who had just come up from Waikato. He had brought letters from my brother and Mr. Brown, accounts favourable.
Tuesday, 23. Fine. Saw a Cutter standing out of Rangihoua supposed to be the Karere put back. In the eveng. met the candidates for Baptism.
Wednesday, 24. Fine. The Brethren arr'd by noon. After dinner commenced business. Sat till late. With considerable reluctance it was concluded advisable to hold a meeting with the Wesleyan Missionaries to hear what explanation they might be able to offer.
Thursday, 25. Fine. The terms for meeting the Wesleyans to be as follows. All charges to be made and answered in writing, and an apology to be given in writing by the erring party. Closed business in the eveng. 3 /to be allowed as travelling expenses for each night when sleeping out for the purpose of visiting the natives.
Friday, 26. Cloudy. Moka came over early this morning with whom we had a long dispute, as he hed been seizing some natives page 394 of Waikato who had come up with Capn. Kent as a payment for Kate. At the conclusion he said he should give them up when his brother came to see them. Sent up to Cap Kent, to give him information of what we had heard. In the eveng. several of the Natives came to converse. Hamu amongst the number.
Saturday, 27. Fine. Boys at sawing, &c. The Puke natives with me in the afternoon and evening. They are in a pleasing way.
Sunday, 28. Fine. After service went to the Puke, a pleasant ride. Not many natives in attendance, the service very agreeable.
Monday, 29. Fine. Hamu and Matariki in the eveng., concluded to admit them to baptism next Sunday. Cap. Kent and Mr. Greenway called. News brought that Hohipa was dead; went to see him; he was just expiring. On my return was told that Mrs. Baker was delivered but the infant strangled in the birth. My spirits low. Ripeka very ill. Engaged till late visiting the sick and afflicted.
Tuesday, 30. Appearance of an approaching gale. Was told that the friends of Hohipa would come and fetch his corpse away. I therefore sent to say that if they had any thought of doing so they had better come at once, that the lad had lived and died with me and it was of little consequence where his body should be deposited. After evening service was kept at the Chapel by several asking questions. Warerahi and Heke there; they spoke well. The resurrection of the body the topic of conversation. The old man said he had spoken of this, as the potatoe, when planted died, but it sprang up a new body. He spoke pleasingly, and did my heart much good.
Wednesday, 1 October. Cloudy. Appearance of a gale N.E. The relatives of Hohipa came in compliance with my request that I might know their determination; they appeared well disposed that he sh'd be buried here. I therefore at noon committed his remains to the earth. Warerahi, Heke and many other strangers present. In the afternoon the Thames boat came in sight, bringing Messrs Brown, Wilson and Preece. All well in that quarter. Much news of the natives at the Southd. generally.
Thursday, 2. Fine. Wind shifted to the West. Rode to Taimai and Waimate. Rec'd official letter from the Wesleyans declining a meeting with us.
Friday, 3. Ret'd to Paihia by way of Titirangi and Puketona. Saw More and Heke's wife, both very ill. A large party of the Kawakawa natives arrived to be present at the Baptism of Humu. The Chapel very full in the eveng. when I took the service.page 395
Saturday, 4. Several of the Strangers came to make enquiries as to the instruction of Wara, who it seemed had been putting himself forward as a teacher amongst them, whereby much confusion had arisen. We met in the Chapel to hold our conference which was conducted in a very quiet and correct manner. I had to correct many serious views but all were well disposed to pay full deference. The baptised natives were present as a kind of jury. They pronounced Wara's case bad at which he submitted in a very proper manner. I took the opportunity to give all a few words of exhortation to watch and pray that they enter not into temptation. Some applications for books to be paid for at harvest. As they were very earnest, I gave a few with the understanding that they would bring full value.
Sunday, 5. Fine. Chapel very full. In the course of the service baptised Hamu, Tikoke's widow, Wera and Matariki, by the name of Ana, Riria and Ropata—Anna, Lydia and Robert. The service was very interesting. In the afternoon went over to Kororarika; not many present; much noise outside the fence. Poor old Kaikohe attentive. I afterwards saw old Tareha, an insensible mass of mortality, he rejected every word.
Monday, 6. Appearance of a gale from N.E. Several came in the morng. to converse upon the state of their souls. Much time occupied in preparing medicine. Writing in the afternoon.
Tuesday, 7. Rain. Mr. Shepherd arr'd by land from the Kerikeri to attend the committee.
Wednesday, 8. Fine. The brethren arr'd by noon; commenced business after dinner and continued till 9 o'clock. Rec'd Mr. Brown's report of the late visit to the Southd., to Waikato and Tauranga. The latter place relinquished for the present as a Missionary Station owing to the indifference of those natives living there.
Thursday, 9. Fine. Much hindered in the morning. Kawiti came to speak upon the things relating to the Kingdom of Heaven. I sat with him for some time but was obliged to return to business at which we continued till 10 o'clock upon the Wesleyan question.
Friday, 10. Brethren returned home. Occupied in preparing Maroro for my voyage to Kaitaia. Met the Christian natives in the evening, a considerable relief after Committee business.
Saturday, 11. Cloudy. Wind Northd. Heavy rain in the afternoon. Emp'd writing.
Sunday, 12. Strong wind. Went up the river to Otuihu but few natives there, they ran off each one to his hole like so many rats at our first approach. Was enabled to draw them forth after some time, and in a measure, obliged them to hear a few words relating page 396 to the Kingdom of Heaven. Passed up to the Kawakawa where everything was much more congenial with the Christian Sabbath. Observed the people assembled for school, the service having concluded. Called on Pukututu who was unwell. Hoari was with him holding service with him. I found him in an agreeable way. He complained of some of his neighbours who were disciples of Papaurihia and wished me to speak to them, which I did. They were civil, tho boasting in their own abilities. They intend going, in a few days, to Rangihoua where their leaders are. I joined the congregation about 4 o'clock and held a pleasant service with them. There were many interesting old chiefs who spoke of Papaurihia, and that he was giving ground. I visited a sick man who expressed himself very well and his assurance of salvation by the blood of the cross. I was in considerable doubts as to the propriety of baptising him—he is a stranger. I feel this in many cases a very difficult point to determine. My visit on the whole was a very animating one. Returned home late. Heke came to give me an account of his proceedings during the day, in his visit to Puketona to preach. It is wonderful to see the effect of the Gospel in this man. He has always been regarded as an illdisposed person, perpetually engaged in mischief, whereas now he is quiet, respectful and attentive, and embraces every opportunity to receive instruction himself, and also to impart to others of that little he may himself possess. He ranks high as a bold daring fellow, a ware soldier. I trust by the grace of God he may become an eminent Soldier of the Lord Jesus amongst his benighted country men.
Monday, 13. Fine. Strong wind from Westd. Preparing for my voyage to the Northd.
Tuesday, 14. Fine. The Fortitude arr'd from Port Jackson; few letters, no news. In the eveng. my study full of enquirers, some spoke very well.
Wednesday, 15. Rain and strong wind from North.
Thursday, 16. Fine. Rec'd a note of a probable meeting with the Wesleyan brethren and a request to postpone my visit to the Northd.
Friday, 17. Gale suddenly came on from the Northd. with heavy rain. At 10 shifted to the Westd. and cleared up. Dined at Mr. Busby's to meet Cap. Brown.
Sunday, 19. Fine. After service, went to Kororarika. Held service with the natives; a goodly company; Warerahi, Kopiri, Kekeao, &c. present. Afterwards held service with Spuer,31 his wife and child, Grey32 and his child; none others disposed to attend. Saw Titore and Tareha. They brought forward their arguments of Papaurihia. Had a strange adventure with a young man, a Sailor of one of the Ships, who stated his intention to publish his voyages and travels in the South Seas, and general history of all the natives he had seen; but he assured me that he should speak very favourably of this Mission tho he could not but regard our labours as in vain. His relatives he informed me were stanch supporters of our Society, and subscribed largely to our funds—his name was Harrington. Of course I felt obliged by his information.
Monday, 20. Fine. Messrs. Kemp and Davis came to fetch their daughters from school owing to the ill state of health of Mrs W. Williams.
Tuesday, 21. Gale of wind from North, heavy sea. Assembled the baptised natives in the eveng.
Wednesday, 22. Heke came for me to go with him to Mr. Busby's as he had been to hold enquiry respecting the report of Rete having made the attack upon Mr. Busby and had obtained some things which had been stolen from them. I fear we have obtained too clear a clue to the guilt of the party in question. Very wet through the day. A few women came to me in the eveng.; some spoke very well but their actions do not correspond.
Thursday, 23. Strong wind and showers. Writing.
Friday, 24. Strong wind. Sawyers at work as usual. Carpenters putting up new building.
Saturday, 25. Fine. h.m. Ship Alligator came to an Anchor. In the afternoon went on board. News of an attack on some Pas at Taranake33 by a party of soldiers sent over for the purpose of punishing the natives there for having murdered part of the crew of a ship which had been wrecked there a short time since. Three page 398 Pas had been destroyed and several killed and wounded. The poor natives showed every disposition to fight but could not stand before the Troops. Tho this is a serious affair I hope it may have a salutary effect upon the people generally. Mr. Marshall the assistant Surgeon returned on shore with me, a truly pious young man.
Sunday, 26. Rain in the night. Fine morning. In the afternoon Mr. Marshall and I went up the Kawakawa. Old Hiamoe poorly. We had a pleasant season up there and met a large congregation.
Monday, 27. Mr. Busby, Cap. Lambert, Cap. Brown called. Much consultation respecting Pomare and upsetting his Pa. Cap. Brown wanted to seize a native in the settlement who had run away from his vessel, which I would not allow, as the native had come forward at the request of Cap Brown, and upon my word that he should not be touched. In the afternoon Heke brought forward a mat of peculiar make which had been stolen from Mr. Busby's house on the night of the attack upon him.
Tuesday, 28. Accompanied Heke and Te Taonui to Mr. Busby with the mat in question which was owned by his Servant Moor. Cap. Lambert came with Cap. Johnson. Held a long consultation. Dined on board the Alligator. Rec'd a message from Titore to join him in the morng. as he had been for the last three days engaged in investigating this business.
Wednesday, 29. Mr. Brown and I went over to Mr. Busby to consult with him as to the measures which had better be adopted, as something must now be done, in as much as the culprit was discovered and the natives were in anxious expectation upon the subject as to how the Europeans would act. Found Mr. Busby very resolute in requiring the lives of the three offenders, that the offence was not against him but against the British Government. We could not see that the offence was worthy of death and should he persist in his present ideas, we must certainly come forward on behalf of the Natives generally, as it was a most serious question affecting the whole. That, from the length of our service amongst this people we were proud in considering ourselves their Guardian and Father, and that we must oppose such sanguinary measures. After much conversation it was determined by Mr. Brown and myself to propose to the Natives that the land belonging to Rete at Puketona should be confiscated and given either to the British Government or to Mr. Busby and that he himself should be required to leave this part of the Island. We had not long mounted our horses at Wauwauroa when the whole party from Puketona came in sight. We accordingly assembled on the spot to determine on what steps were to be page 399 taken. Titore said he had been night and day endeavouring to dive to the bottom of the matter but he could not, and had now brought Rete to stand his trial before the Soldiers. He soon appeared with a party of about seventy men under arms, fully prepared to fight. I was here told to challenge Rete with the offence and see what he would say to us. I accordingly did so. He strenuously denied for a length of time, but ultimately confessed that he fired at Mr. Busby. I mentioned to Titore our idea of disposing of the affair, at which he appeared highly delighted and much surprised at our moderation. We called on Mr. Busby on our return home, and mentioned to him the result of our interview with the Natives.
Thursday, 30. Kawiti, Hiamoe, &c., &c., with a large party came to the house early to learn the news. They kept me in close conversation until it was time to attend Conference. At 11 we all went over to Mr. Busby's, where we met Capn. Lambert. He was most excessively polite, and paid a great compliment to the endeavours of the Missionaries. He returned to his Ship and left us to settle the business ourselves. We here met Titore and many others. Our meeting lasted 3 hours. Many angry speeches were made towards the Natives in the immediate connection with Mr. Busby. It was concluded to take Rete's land at Puketona. The natives appeared happy at the prospect of settling the affair in so quiet a manner. Returned home much fatigued and weary. The Alligator sailed at sunset.
Friday, 31. Had hopes of a clear day, but the Urikapana came to learn the particulars of the meeting. I was obliged to accompany them to Mr. Busby's, where they were entertained at his expense. Mr. Puckey arrived from Kaitaia.
Saturday, 1 November. Fine. Examined the Columbine schr. with a view to purchasing her should she be a desirable vessel for the Mission. I was much pleased with her. She is a fine little vessel.
Sunday, 2. Went up the Kawakawa to take service there, which is now become a regular of our Sabbath duty. I met a large and exceedingly attentive congregation. Many old faces, which is very cheering. I well remember many a hard fought battle with these same tatued countenances—but how is the lion changed! This hath God wrought, and to Him will we give the praise. I passed on to Waiomio. The day was very hot and the road particularly fatiguing. Met but few natives, but attentive. On my return to the Kawakawa the natives, were concluding their eveng. service. Arrived home by 9 o'clock.page 400
Monday, 3. Fine. Went to the Wahapu. Saw Pukututu, &c., &c., they wished to know my opinion of their disposing of a portion of land up the river. I recommended them to keep all they had as it was small enough for them and their children. They appeared satisfied with my decision.
Tuesday, 4. Rode to the Aute. Saw Hapetahi, &c., they were unusually civil. Gave notice of a visit on Sunday. Passed on to Titirangi. My boys commenced sheep shearing. Saw Te Morenga, he was very ill. In the eveng. rode to the Waimate. Mr. King there.
Wednesday, 5. Showers. In the afternoon went to Titirangi; conversed with several strangers.
Thursday, 6. Fine.
Friday, 7. Fine. Long conversation with More, and gave a lecture to Matiu. Arrived at Paihia by 5.30.
Saturday, 8. Fine. A long wakawa with the boys respecting Taunui, whose slave had been punished some days since by Heke for theft. The statement perfectly false. Cap. Clendon arrived from Hokianga. Met 3 women in the evening for conversation.
Sunday, 9. Fine. Rode to the Auti and was most graciously received by Marupo, &c. After a little refreshment went to Hepetahi. The principal men assembled under the trees where we had an agreeable service. Ret'd by Wauwauroa by 4 o'clock, but detained two hours owing to the tide.
Monday, 10. Fine. Boys emp'd getting shells for lime.
Tuesday, 11. Fine. Huhu came with an earnest desire that the natives of Wangari should be attended to, that Motutara was halting between two opinions; he was very importunate also for a book. I gave him one with the hope that he may be able to gain some spiritual knowledge there by. Warepapa was also here respecting Tauranga. Boys fetching shells. In the afternoon a deputation from Wangari arr'd for the purpose of inviting some to go to teach; they are as yet sitting in darkness and the shadow of death and the wicked one is ever urging them to go against Waikato. They were very solicitous for books; gave one and four slates to be paid for at harvest. Took the eveng. service and kept conversing till a late hour. The accounts of Papahurihia occupied much time. He has gone to Hokianga to make converts there.
Wednesday, 12. Strong wind from N.N.W.; much rain in the latter part of the day. Kawiwi came stating that it was his wish to come alone that he might speak more freely; he answered my questions better than I had anticipated. In the afternoon Wakakau a quiet well behaved lady the mother of a numerous family and much page 401 ill-treated by her husband, who lives generally with a slave wife, pressed in at my study door saying that there were three of them who wanted to have a word. I admitted them. Poor body, she is much perplexed about her husband, she wishes him to leave her altogether.
Thursday, 13. Fine morng. Went to Paroa with the English boys to give them a run. At noon symptoms of a gale, ret'd home. Dark clouds rolling up, much lightening.
Friday, 14. Much rain. Assembled the christian natives in the eveng.
Saturday, 15. No prospect of going to the Waimate; rain continued till late in afternoon.
Sunday, 16. No strangers at service. A pleasing service. In the afternoon endeavoured to go to Puketona. At Wauwauroa my horse came up against me on the edge of a bank several feet high and sent me tumbling over, but through mercy was not hurt. My horse was very tutu, and would not cross the streams of water. I was in time to get over Kaipatiki owing to the tide.
Monday, 17. Rain. Engaged in law suits till noon. Remainder of the day emp'd writing.
Tuesday, 18. Rain most of the day. Emp'd writing. In the evening met the candidates for baptism.
Wednesday, 19. Fine. Writing all day.
Thursday, 20. At daylight left for the Waimate. Arr'd by 9.20, a pleasant ride. Took my sketch and returned by 6 o'clock. Overtook my friend Ngeri who stopt me to have some conversation with me. Saw the natives of Puketona with whom I remained some time. Felt tired from the Rheumatism.
Friday, 21. Many interruptions. Towards noon went to Mr. Busby's to negotiate for the land at Waitangi between him and the natives. The business passed off better than I had anticipated. Sent to request that the Karere might go in quest of my Brother.
Saturday, 22. Cloudy. Occupied writing. In the evening our old friend Te Warerahi came to pay his respects. He is always welcome. At 9 o'clock my Brother and Mr. Fairburn arr'd from the Thames, all well. They had much news to impart.
Sunday, 23. Rain through the night and most of the day. No strangers. No going out.
Monday, 24. Fine. Went over to Kororarika to see the land for the church which is to be erected by subscription. Met all the great men, with whom we had a long conversation about the Southd.
Tuesday, 25. Fine. Went over to Kororarika, measured the land, page 402 43 yards in front and running back over the hill same width. Saw Tareha, after some time he smiled a smile and at length spoke with civility. In the afternoon dispensing medicine to the sick. In the evening met the candidates for baptism.
Wednesday, 26. Fine. Rewa, Warerahi, and Moka over for payment of land for the Church at Kororarika. The brethren arrived to attend committee to reconsider minutes of last meeting.
Thursday, 27. The great question of the purchase of the Columbine brought before us, a difficult matter.
Friday, 28. Meeting till noon.
Saturday, 29. Fine. Mrs. Williams very ill all day, did not move out.
Sunday, 30. Up all night. Mrs. W. better in afternoon.
Monday, 1 December. Fine. Writing all day.
Tuesday, 2. Up all night. Writing. At £1/4.4 p.m. my Fifth daughter born after many hours of intense anxiety.
Wednesday, 3. Writing and drawing through much interruption. In the eveng. rode to Waitangi to see More who had come to the coast for the benefit of change of air. Appeared obstinately bent on proceeding to Waima.
Thursday, 4. Alarmed in the night by a great glare of light and soon discovered that Mr. Baker's house was on fire. We had no means of extinguishing the flames which raged at a great rate. A good deal of property was consumed, the house was not of much value. Engaged writing till late in the midst of interruptions.
Friday, 5. More arr'd at the beach. We held a long conversation with his people but they were turirawa, they would not accept our invitation. Many interruptions through the day. Writing till late.
Saturday, 6. Fine. Finished my work by 6 o'clock, and sent off to Cap. Brind also our settlement Bell. Hara34 and others in the eveng., with whom I had a long conversation. This man, Hara, is the first person with whom I had any disturbance after landing. He has hitherto been a sly evil disposed man, but has lately joined himself to our people. He has much to say respecting his having left his evil deeds. Much relieved by the dispatches having gone.
Sunday, 7. Called at Otuihu on my way up the Kawakawa, saw Kiwikiwi. We had a long conversation together. He spoke of the meeting which is to take place with Papahurihia at Te Ngauru, when the kumare will be taken up. He had much to say concerning his page 403 great deeds. I was much better pleased with him than I have been for a long time. Passed on up the river. Shortly after my arrival at the settlement a party came to fetch the body of a young man who had that morng died; he had been for some time in close connection with those who were constant in their attendance on the means of grace. The strangers began to fire their guns, but seated themselves on being reproved. Our attention was called off by these strangers, with whom there was a long dispute contending for the corpse. I gave my opinion that, tho it was proper for the corpse to be buried here, in as much he had died here, yet as his more immediate relatives were urgent, it would be better to leave it to them to say whether they would leave him or not, as it is a matter of little consequence what became of the body after the spirit had fled. We held our service where the party of strangers were sitting after which they were told they were to do as they felt disposed. They concluded to remove the body and accordingly did so, while I was present to prevent any disturbance. Many important enquiries were made upon various questions.
Monday, 8. Fine. Cap. Brind came to call with Mr. Harvey. Running about from 4 a.m. till 9 p.m.
Wednesday, 10. Went to Kororarika. Mr. Polack and his land again brought forward; he appeared in a good deal of trouble. Went on to Hakiro, Tareha and others.
Thursday, 11. Fine. Boys carrying timber. Polack came to say that his native house was broken by the natives as they had threatened. I referred him to Mr. Busby.
Friday, 12. My brother and I rode to Titirangi; I ret'd in the eveng. Had some conversation with Kuri and others who appear to be in earnest.
Saturday, 13. Very hot. Emp'd writing.
Sunday, 14. Fine. Full congregation. Remained with Mrs. Williams in the afternoon. My foot very painful, having run a nail in it.
Monday, 15. Very hot. A succession of natives through the day, hearing and asking questions pertaining to the Kingdom of Heaven.
Tuesday, 16. Extremely hot. A succession of Europeans all the morning. Afternoon writing.
Wednesday, 17. As yesterday hot. Emp'd settling accounts and writing till midnight. Boys collecting firewood for lime.
Thursday, 18. Several interruptions to my writing.page 404
Friday, 19. Hot. Accounts and writing closed for a season by 5 o'clock. Tired. Several enquirers in the eveng.
Saturday, 20. The Fortitude sailed. Boys taking up potatoes.
Sunday, 21. Torrents of rain through the night. In the morng. the rain clearing I went up to Waikari. Saw Tukarangatia; civil but said they would not believe. On my return nearly upset by the carelessness of the boys.
Monday, 22. Fine. At work in the garden with the boys.
Tuesday, 23. Fine. Rode to Titirangi. Pleasing conversation with several of the natives there. Columbine arrived from Tongatapu.
Wednesday, 24. Fine. Hindered by the natives and weary by their perpetual talking, tho they require attention.
Thursday, 25. Christmas Day. Service as usual but few strangers. A quiet pleasant day which is very unusual.
Friday, 26. Cloudy. At noon Messrs. Davis and Kemp. arr'd; met after dinner in committee. Long discussion on various points of last minutes.
Saturday, 27. Gale at S.E. with heavy rain. Ret'd to business; at much difficulty respecting the purchase of the Columbine; however it was resolved to be done.
Sunday, 28. Wind ceased and Rain cleared off after sunrise. In the afternoon went up the Kawakawa, a great fresh in the river. Met an attentive congregation, and spent a very pleasant and profitable day. Ret'd by sunset.
Monday, 29. Fine. At writing and accounts.
Tuesday, 30. Fine. At 9 p.m. our friends on the Blackbird were introduced by Mrs. Mair having gone on board the vessel while at a considerable distance out. The public letters full of interest.
Wednesday, 31. Under much excitement from letters. In the afternoon a Master of a Whaler of Sydney of the name of Salmon came and in a most insulting manner proposed some questions respecting a young man a native on board his vessel whose land he said had been disposed of to Mr. Busby, and afterwards taxed me with endeavouring to decoy this said native away from his Vessel. The said Master belonged to the same owners as the man who some years since insulted Mr. King when the natives were on the point of taking the matter out of Mr. King's hands by breaking up the man's boat, and stripping him and his crew.
I am happy to say however that these are solitary instances, and the general result of strong drinking. But of the loving kindness of the Lord will I sing, whose tender mercies have followed me all my life long unto the present hour.
1 The Columbine schooner owned by Gilbert Mair and later bought from him by the Bay of Island missionaries on the authority of the local committee. The Corresponding Committee of the C.M.S. in Sydney refused at first to honour the bills of payment. The schooner was used efficiently in the work of the mission.
2 William Moon, a printer from Cornwall, arrived at the Bay of Islands in January 1831, on his way to the Friendly Islands as a Wesleyan missionary, but in 1834 he returned to New Zealand and helped John Hobbs to establish the Wesleyan printing press at Mangungu. He served at Kawhia, Manukau and again at Mangungu before going in 1846 to Heretoa, South Taranaki, where he worked until 1853.
3 When Henry Williams was at Matamata in 1833, Te Waharoa gave him his patu to take to the Ngapuhi chiefs as a token of peace. This was the common practice of a chief wishing to make peace with his enemies. The patu was always entrusted to an important messenger, and its acceptance meant the acceptance of the peace offer. Te Waharoa's patu was presented to Tareha because he had been the leader of the last Ngapuhi taua to attack Matamata.
5 Edmonds and his family arrived with W. Pilley and Philip King on the Harlequin. A mason and a bricklayer, he was sent without consultation with the missionaries, who did not know what to do with him, since there was no lime available for bricklaying. As he had not the ability to be used as a catechist, requests were made from time to time that he should be recalled, but without avail. He was employed in building the stone house which still stands at Kerikeri.
6 W. Pilley was regarded by the missionaries as a very useful man, and was employed as a carpenter and a catechist. He and Knight were sent to Rotorua in 1836 to erect the buildings for Chapman's mission station.
7 Captain Lambert of the Alligator.
9 Augustus Earle's Narrative of a Nine Month's Residence in New Zealand, in which the missionaries were severely criticised.
11 The original name of Kaitaia was Te Ahu.
13 Panakareo, the principal chief of the Rarawa tribe, whose pa was at Te Ahu. As ally of the Ngapuhi he shared with them leadership in many campaigns. He welcomed the missionaries and was baptized as a Christian with the name of Nopera by the Rev. William Williams in 1836. He died in April 1856.
14 Captain Brown of the Clarkson.
15 Dr. John Watkins, a ship's surgeon, who was in New Zealand in 1833 and 1834, and gave evidence before the Select Committee appointed in 1838. [Parliamentary Papers: “Report on the Present State of New Zealand”.]
16 Captain Sadler of H.M.S. Buffalo.
18 Te Mau-Paraoa, a noted chief of Ngati-Kahungunu of Mohaka, Hawkes Bay. He was taken prisoner by Ngapuhi in one of their East Coast raids. Later he joined Ngapuhi in many of their battles, and after Pomare's death he became the leader of Pomare's people. [Smith, Wars, p379.]
19 Papahurihia, a tohunga who launched a new religion, which was a caricature of Christianity. The devil, he claimed, had visited him in the form of a serpent [nakahi, from the Hebrew of Geneses 31] and commanded that he should be worshipped. Papahurihia claimed to speak with the dead. The cult exercised considerable influence for some years.
20 Hepe is a diminutive for Hepatahi.
22 Captain Ranulph Dacre was one of the most vigorous and enterprising coastal traders of New Zealand. He first visited New Zealand in 1824 in command of the missionary schooner, Endeavour. Later he traded between London and Sydney as master and part-owner of the Surrey, in which he visited Hokianga and became interested in the timber trade. In 1832 he established a timber station at Mahurangi with Gordon D. Browne as superintendent, and later transferred the station to Mercury Bay. He afterwards became interested in land claims at Omaha.
24 Te Peha, a young chief of Te Puke.
25 [?] Ngati-Win.
26 Parakura, a battle.
28 Kati, the brother of Te Wherowhero, was travelling from the Bay of Islands with the Rev. William Williams, and they had reached Whakatiwai. The "stripping” [muru] was utu for a recent attack on Whakatiwai by members of Kali's tribe, and consisted of plundering Kati's canoe of its stores. Williams himself was not “stripped", and the Rev. A. N. Brown was not present but arrived soon afterwards. [W.W., Journal, 23 July to 10 August 1834.]
29 George Greenway had a trading station on the south shore of the Waikare River, upstream from Pomare's pa at Otuihu. He started his business in 1832. In 1837 his house was occupied by the Ngapuhi in a quarrel with Pomare.
30 Rete, a chief of Puketona. As punishment for his attack on Busby, Rete's property at Puketona, amounting to 200 to 300 acres, was taken from him by order of the chiefs. Busby later complained that their promise to banish Rete had not been kept.
32 The blacksmith.
33 This was a punitive attack by h.m.s. Alligator on the Taranaki Maoris for their attack on the crew of the wrecked Harriett and their capture of John Guard, his wife and two children. It was not an honourable affair, and, when the ship's surgeon Marshall published his account of it on his return to England, there was considerable stir, and a parliamentary committee expressed strong disapproval. [W. B. Marshall, A Personal Narrative…; British Parliamentary Papers (1835) No. 585; McNab, Old Whaling Days, pp122–132, 423–9.]
34 Hara, chief of Ohaeawai.