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A Leaf from the Natural History of New Zealand

Native Pharmacopeia

Native Pharmacopeia.

Eruerueka, pigs' ear; a Mesembryanthemum; the juice expressed used for Boils

Harakeke, leaf and root; Paipai and internal complaints

Horopito, leaves bruised and steeped in water; a remedy for the Paipai

Kahikatoa, leaf; drunk for internal complaints; also used for a steam bath

Kareao, decoction of the root, used as sarsaparilla; the young shoot eaten as medicine for the Hakihaki; the root is commonly used by females to procure abortion

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Kawakawa, leaf and bark; for cuts, wounds, Paipai, and pains of the stomach; it is also used for the Gonorrhœa, and in making steam baths

Kohekohe, weak infusion of the leaf stops the secretion of milk; it is used for women who have lost their infants; it is also a powerful tonic

Kohukohu, lichen; which, when reduced to powder, is rubbed into the skin for cutaneous eruptions

Kokowai, red ochre; used as an ointment for scald head and for spear wounds

Kopakopa, leaves; used for ulcers, over which it is bandaged; one side of the leaf draws, whilst the other heals

Koromiko, tender leaves of this shrub are bruised and applied as a poultice for ulcers, and especially for the Pakiwara (venereal disease)

Kowai, inner bark, for itch

Mamaku, bruised pith, applied as a poultice for swellngs of the foot and sore eyes

Mapu, to syringe the ears

Miro, infusion of the bark is drunk for stomach ache

Mouku, root; an infusion used as a wash for cutaneous complaints; the juice is also drunk and the root eaten

Ngaio, bark; to heal ulcers and eruptions

Ngarehu, charcoal powdered fine, used for cutaneous eruptions

Oka; the natives were accustomed formerly to bleed for several complaints, especially for Rheumatism, and for acute local pains; for this purpose they used either a sharp splinter of Obsidian or a fragment of a shell, with which they made lateral cuts into the skin, causing the blood to flow freely

Papa, bark; used for the itch

Papaunga, bark, infused, is drunk for the itch

Papaauma, misletoe; the bark is bruised and applied for the itch

Paretau, root; cutaneous eruptions

Patete, sap; scrofulous sores and ringworm

Ponga, pith; a poultice for cutaneous eruptions

Poroporo, leaf; inner skin, for the itch; when boiled with lard makes a very healing salve

Puka, misletoe; used the same as the Papaauma

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Pukatea, Pautea bark used for scrofulous sores, Totatoka, and for the Tooth-ache

Rata, bark; used for the Ringworm and venereal disease

Rauriki, sowthistle; used for the Tokatoka; a drink for stomach complaints

Rimu, bark, infused, to heal up running ulcers, and for burns, scalds, &c.

Taewa, potatoe; the water in which they have been boiled used as a lotion for Piauau, pimples, and all cutaneous eruptions, also for burns

Te Huhu, or Te Hu, grub found in Rimu, Matai, and Kahikatea trees; it is eaten as a medicine

Tawa, bark; used for pains in the stomach and colds

Toto Kuri, the ear of the dog is slit and the blood boiled; a remedy for spear wounds, it is both eaten and applied externally

Ti, drink; internal complaints; dysentery

Toatoa, strong hardy weed; the infusion of its leaves used for all scrofulous diseases, also the juice expressed

Tutu, leaf, tender shoot, or pith; dysentery; its sap used as a remedy for madness; though producing madness in the healthy, it is said to be very efficacious as a cure for those so affected

Wawa, leaf juice; for blindness

Wawaku, inner bark; used for the Ringworm

Umuroa, Umu, oven or vapour bath, for sick persons affected with Rheumatism or other complaints was covered up with leaves of the Ngaio, Kawakawa, Tataramoa, Kaiwiria, Koromiko, Manuka, Karetu, Karamu, Papa, Kaikaiaruhe, and the Poroporo, each being supposed to have its particular virtue; the way it is formed is very simple and worthy of being noted:—the stones being heated are replaced in the oven (which is about 18 inches deep) on which a quantity of water is poured; a thick bed of the leaves enumerated is made over the stones, and then a number of kits are laid, on which the patient is seated, who is entirely covered with a blanket or native mat; a copious perspiration is speedily induced; this kind of bath is called He Tieki, and was considered very efficacious; the covering of leaves for the Umu is called Wariki

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Te Wakaeke, Te Tarewa, to recover drowned or strangled persons; they suspend the body head downwards over smoke that it may ascend and inflate the lungs, or cause re-action by its stimulating effects

He Kauhoa, He Amo, frame ingeniously made with the kareao to carry the sick on

He Moroiti, cover for a sore place formed by a hoop with cross bars at right angles

He Papa Kiri, splint formed of the bark of a tree to suit the form of the fractured limb

Matete, plaster

Matua, to quicken; kua matua te tamaiti

Roromi, to shampoo or squeeze

Puncturing was also used for several complaints.