War Surgery and Medicine
Throughout the period in the Middle East and Italy, 2 NZEF adopted comprehensive measures for anti-malaria control during the mosquito season. The burden of the anti-larva work fell on the hygiene companies. Anti-malaria control units were formed in 1942, and these were later incorporated in the Field Hygiene Company. Their efforts, backed by intensive education of the soldiers in the part they had to play in the way of personal precautions—in the wearing of clothing to cover arms and legs, using insect repellent, sleeping under netting and taking mepacrine—enabled the 2 NZEF, and especially 2 NZ Division, to establish a most creditable record in the low incidence of malaria.